Bovine Tuberculosis in Nigeria: Historical Perspective, Burden, Risk Factors, and Challenges for Its Diagnosis and Control

  • Simeon Idowu Babalola Cadmus


Mycobacterium tuberculosis is inadvertently considered to be the only cause of tuberculosis (TB) in humans in Nigeria. As very little is known about zoonotic TB caused by M. bovis and other members of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC), little consideration is given to the fact that most Nigerians live in settings that facilitate the transmission of zoonotic bovine TB (BTB) at the human−animal interface. In rural areas, people live in close contact with their animals; in the urban and peri-urban centers, unhygienic working conditions prevail, particularly in livestock markets and in abattoirs. Furthermore, the current TB control initiatives do not make any provision for zoonotic TB, thereby leading to its un-abetted spread in Nigeria. Since human and animal health are intricately linked in the Nigerian socio-economic setting and geographical space, it is imperative that we take a closer look at BTB in Nigeria. This chapter explores the burden and risk factors of BTB in Nigeria. The challenges facing its diagnosis and control are highlighted.


Abattoir Bovine tuberculosis Cattle Molecular epidemiology Mycobacterium bovis Nigeria Prevalence Risk factors Zoonotic tuberculosis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simeon Idowu Babalola Cadmus
    • 1
  1. 1.Tuberculosis and Brucellosis Research Laboratories, Department of Veterinary Public Health & Preventive MedicineUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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