Source-Sink Relationship of Sugarcane Energy Production at the Sugar Mills

  • Sagheer Ahmad
  • Muhammad Anjum Ali
  • Giovanna M. Aita
  • Muhammad Tahir Khan
  • Imtiaz Ahmed Khan


Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an important source of sugar, biofuels and bioenergy, helping in meeting requirements of the world from food energy to fuel energy. This chapter covers, in brief, the sugar milling processes from sugarcane crushing to sugar manufacturing, by-products release, biofuels production, and bioelectricity cogeneration. Technological aspects of various forms of bioenergy production including bioethanol, electricity, and biogas, at the sugar industry, are detailed in this chapter. Industrial process and mechanism of molasses fermentation into bioethanol have been described; additionally, the chapter illustrates the approaches for second-generation ethanol production and pretreatment methods for the same. Moreover, the chapter also narrates cogeneration of electricity from sugarcane and cogeneration efficiency enhancement systems like Centrale Thermique de Belle Vue (CTBV) and condensation-extraction steam turbine (CEST). The use of other resources of sugarcane, viz., trash and straw, for obtaining the energy year-round has also been described. Finally, a brief on production of biogas from sugarcane pressmud, bagasse, and vinasse has been presented.


Sugarcane bioenergy Ethanol Sugarcane milling Bioelectricity Cogeneration Pretreatment 





Ammonia fiber explosion


Biomass integrated gasification combined cycle


Biological oxygen demand


Back pressure steam turbines


Consolidated bioprocessing


Condensation-extraction steam turbines


Chemical oxygen demand


Centrale Thermique de Belle Vue


Department of Energy


Dry weight


Food and Agriculture Organization


Flex-fuel vehicles


Gross heating value


Heat recovery steam generator


International Sugar Organization


Methyl tertiary butyl ether


Separate hydrolysis and fermentation


Simultaneous saccharification and cofermentation


Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation


United States Department of Agriculture


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sagheer Ahmad
    • 1
  • Muhammad Anjum Ali
    • 1
  • Giovanna M. Aita
    • 2
  • Muhammad Tahir Khan
    • 3
  • Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
    • 3
  1. 1.Plant Sciences Division (PSD)Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC)IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Audubon Sugar Institute, Louisiana State University AgCenterSt. GabrielUSA
  3. 3.Sugarcane Biotechnology Group, Nuclear Institute of AgricultureTandojamPakistan

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