Advertisement

Metamorphoses of Religion and the Human in the Modern World

  • E. O. GavrilovEmail author
  • O. F. Gavrilov
  • E. F. Kazakov
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 139)

Abstract

The significance of the religious component of the spiritual life of man is great, but it does not lend itself to unambiguous understanding because religion and society in general undergo radical metamorphosis. The relationship of the human and the religious aspects of social life demonstrate the most complex transformations in the field of interaction of faith and reason, the meaning-giving activity of man.

Religion, traditionally ensuring the consistency of the inner world of man, uses for this purpose the potential of faith in transcendental objects as a factor of meaning-making. But, since the era of Modern times, an attempt is made to completely eliminate of transcendental absolutes from the social space and replacement them in modus of the actual reality. At the same time, the sources of meaning lose their former constancy and solidity, at the same time acquiring relational in nature and transforming into its opposite. Integrity of the spiritual world of man is destroyed, and the efforts to regain it are carried out by sacralizing of phenomena of the profane reality. The result is the generation of quasi-religious products that the unity of man’s inner world cannot recover, suggesting the need for rehabilitation of religious faith. This realization leads to a rethinking of human and religious phenomena.

The essence of man is not exhausted by reason. Initially, he is an irrational creature, which manifests itself, above all, in his ability to believe, first within mythic, and later of religious consciousnesses. And, only over time, this quality is replaced by rationality and, in the extreme, by non-religious rationality. The separation of the intellectual beginning from religious and the opposition to it leads to isolation from morality, increasing chaos and the appearance of absurd man. This is the impasse of rationalism. The impasse of irrationalism consists in the loss of the religious foundations of faith. Only “new faith” in the Highest World Order, the Highest Moral Law creates the prospect of overcoming of the impasse of rationalism and irrationalism. It may be born out of faith in man as a “new God” implicitly containing faith in the “new old” God.

Keywords

Man Religion God Rationalism Irrationalism Faith Spiritual life 

References

  1. 1.
    Gelen, A.: O sistematike antropologii. Problema cheloveka v zapadnoj filosofii, p. 173. Progress, Moscow (1988)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lyozov, S.: Hristianin v obezbozhennom mire. Koks H. Mirskoj grad: sekulyarizaciya i urbanizaciya v teologicheskom aspekte, p. 256. Vostochnaya literatura, Moscow (1995)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berger, P.: Religiya i problema ubeditel’nosti. Neprikosnovennyj zapas 6(32) (2003). http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/2003/6/berger.html. Accessed 02 Apr 2018
  4. 4.
    Veber, M.: Teoriya stupenej i napravlenij religioznogo nepriyatiya mira. Izbrannye proizvedeniya, pp. 306–334. Progress, Moscow (1990)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fejerabend, P.: Protiv metodologicheskogo prinuzhdeniya. Izbrannye trudy po metodologii nauki, pp. 450–514. Progress, Moscow (1986)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fejerabend, P.: Nauka v svobodnom obshchestve. Izbrannye trudy po metodologii nauki, p. 513. Progress, Moscow (1986)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Losev, A.F.: Ehstetika Vozrozhdeniya, pp. 120–138. Mysl’, Moscow (1982)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Melih, YuB., Vvedenskaya, E.V.: Padenie idej, ili prometeizm Nikolaya Fedorova. Filosofskie nauki 3, 89–110 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sazeeva, I.B., Grosheva, T.N.: Antigumanisticheskij harakter filosofii transgumanizma. Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul’turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki 3(77), 122–126 (2017). in 2 parts, part 1Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ehpshtejn, M.N.: Religiya posle ateizma. Novye vozmozhnosti teologii, p. 38. Ast-Press Kniga, Moscow (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ehpshtejn, M.N.: Tezisy bednoj very. Russkij zhurnal (Zhurnal’nyj zal) Mode of access. http://magazines.russ.ru/zvezda/2014/8/14ep.html. Accessed 02 Apr 2018
  12. 12.
    Rozanov, V.V.: Solitary, p. 95. Sovremennik, Moscow (1991)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Bakis, R.: Is existence irrational? Bilimname 30(1), 297–323 (2016)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tertullian, K.S.F.: Selected works, Moscow, p. 239 (1994)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Losev, A.F.: Dialectics of Myth, p. 55. Academic Project, Moscow (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cosgel, M., Histen, M., Miceli, T.: Tate and religion over time. J. Comp. Econ. 46(1), 20–34 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rorty, R.: Universalism, romanticism, humanism: Lecture. Per. from English. S. D. Silver, p. 91. RGGU, Moscow (2004)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Encyclopedia of Thought, p. 177. Simferopol (1999)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rozman, M.P.: The meaning and role of religion in postmodern society and the question of the essence of the religious phenomenon. Bogoslovni Vestnik-Theol. Q.-Ephemer. Theol. 77(2), 289–302 (2017)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Popper, K.: Logic and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge, p. 98. Progress, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Eco, U.: Middle ages have already begun. Foreign Lit. 4, 263 (1994)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kasper, K.: The Future of the Past The “New Middle Ages” in the Russian Contemporary Novel. OST EUROPA 64(7), 121–129 (2014)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Galina, M.: Globalization as new middle ages. Novyi Mir 4, 217–221 (2014)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Khanna, P.: Europe 2030: forward in the new Middle Ages. Internationale Politik. 64(5), 16–20 (2009)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ibragimova, Z., Kondratiev, K.: Doomed to choose the human: on the way of mastering one’s own nature. Nat. Acad. Manag. Staff Cult. Arts Herald 2, 87–90 (2017)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sutherland, T., Patsoura, E.: Michel Foucault, Friedrich Kittler, and the interminable half-life of “so-called man”. Angelaki-J. Theor. Humanit. 22(4), 49–68 (2017)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Miotto, M.L.: From psychology to the problem of the “death of man” in Michel Foucault. Trans-Form-Acao 39(2), 119–145 (2016)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Checkland, D.: Subjectivity After Wittgenstein; The Post-Cartesian Subject and the ‘Death of Man’. Philos. Q. 66(263), 408–411 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. O. Gavrilov
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. F. Gavrilov
    • 2
  • E. F. Kazakov
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of State-Legal DisciplinesKuzbass Institute of the Federal Penal Service of RussiaNovokuznetskRussia
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyKemerovo State UniversityKemerovoRussia

Personalised recommendations