Methodological Regulations Regarding the Assessment of the Innovation Activity of the Economic System Taking into Consideration the Peculiarities of the Activity of the Innovation Process Entities
The need for the innovative development of the national economy and the elimination of the country’s resource dependence has been a priority in recent decades. However, the costs of innovation to ensure national economic leadership do not lead to the desired results; which requires not only special attention from the state, authorities and private business, but also additional research.
The aim of the work is to develop an approach to assessing the level of innovation activity of the economic system, taking into account the activities of the entities in the development of innovation.
During the research, the methods of comparative analysis, theoretical modeling, induction and generalization were used.
The paper identifies three key characteristics of the innovation process that determine the level of innovation activity of the economic system (innovative orientation, effectiveness of innovative activity, innovative susceptibility). At the same time, innovation orientation is viewed as an aggregate of the two categories which reflect the objective and subjective aspects of the innovation process: the system’s capabilities to create innovative ideas and implement plans; the ability of the subjects or entities to create ideas in accordance with the skills and expertise. The effectiveness of innovative activity is treated as an innovation that represents the embodiment of innovative potential in a specific product with the involvement of the resources in the innovation process. Innovative susceptibility of the economic system consists of the readiness of the economic system to disseminate and use the innovations created.
A set of indicators reflecting the level of innovation activity of the economic system, based on the analysis of the activities of entities at different stages of innovation development, has been formed. A scientifically substantiated method is proposed that allows to evaluate the innovation activity of the system through the comparison of the results of the innovation process with the indicators of management accounting. The developed approach can be used while defining the results of efforts on activation of innovative activity in the economy due to the analysis of the development indicators of separate organizations.
KeywordsInnovative activity The process of innovation development The economic system Innovative orientation The effectiveness of innovation Innovative susceptibility
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