The IoT Landscape

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
  • Bahareh Bahrami
  • Arash Heidari
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
  • Farhad Norouzi
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


During the history of human life, waves 1, 2, and 3 are the waves of agriculture, industry, and information technology, respectively. These waves have created tremendous changes in the quality of human life. The fourth wave of human life is the emergence of a cyber-age in which everything is connected to everyone in any place at any time. With the halp of dis huge evolution, all communication needs will be provided at any time, with minimal human intervention and easily through the internet of things.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
    • 1
  • Bahareh Bahrami
    • 2
  • Arash Heidari
    • 1
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
    • 1
  • Farhad Norouzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Shabestar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShabestarIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khoy BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKhoyIran

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