Waqf Philanthropy and Orphans’ Socio-Economic Development in Northern Nigeria Based on Maqasid al Shariah Principles

  • Mustapha Abubakar


Islamic Development Bank (IDB) member countries are home to nearly one-third of the world’s multi-dimensional poor people. It is estimated that 504 million people in 43 out of the 57 IDB countries, mainly in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, are living in multi-dimensional poverty and are suffering from a range of deprivations (Islamic Solidarity Fund for Development ISFD Strategy 2016-2025). In addition to this is the worrisome situation in Nigeria, where the population is facing an orphaning crisis that is potentially catastrophic. Accurate official figures on the number of orphans are difficult to obtain in Nigeria, but it is estimated that there could be up to more than 10 million orphans. This invariably means that there exists a clear need for the deployment of a wide variety of Islamic philanthropic means as a complement to preservation and improvement of the socio-economic development of orphans, particularly in Northern Nigeria, where the population predominantly practices Islam. Against the above background, the researcher undertook a study on the effect of waqf Islamic philanthropy (founded on a philosophical basis of meeting the obligation to succumb to Allah to achieve social justice) on the socio-economic development of orphans using the Maqasid al Shariah principles. The study utilized information collected from a survey of 214 orphans which are 50% of the total population. This number was drawn through stratified random sampling in Aytam Orphanage Foundation in Zaria, Northern Nigeria and served as the respondents for the study. The respondents have hitherto received waqf assistance in the school (first of its kind) dedicated to Orphans. The questionnaire-based survey sought information on the socio-demographic profiles as well as changes in the orphans’ economic conditions. It was analyzed in five dimensions using the Maqasid al Shariah multi-dimensional poverty index, which are health services, access to education, practice of religion, pursuance of economic activities, and inclusion in social activities. The study findings indicate that the socio-economic conditions of the orphans in the health services and access to education dimensions had increased significantly after the receipt of support from the waqf institutions although at varying levels.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustapha Abubakar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationAhmadu Bello UniversityZariaNigeria

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