Advertisement

Universal Design of Information Sharing Tools for Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Jaziar RadiantiEmail author
  • Terje Gjøsæter
  • Weiqin Chen
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 516)

Abstract

Disaster information sharing tools are an important aspect of disaster resilience, and it is of utmost importance that these tools are accessible and usable for as many potential users as possible. In this paper, we evaluate the accessibility of a selection of tools for crowdsourcing disaster situation information. As our evaluation shows that the selected tools are not fully accessible, we provide recommendations for mitigation, as well as highlight the importance of further research in this area.

Keywords

Disaster information sharing tools Disaster resilience Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 

References

  1. 1.
    UNISDR: Living with Disability and Disasters, Geneva, United Nations (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kelman, I., Stough, L.: Disability and Disaster: Explorations and Exchanges. Springer, London (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137486004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bennett, D., Phillips, B.D., Davis, E.: The future of accessibility in disaster conditions: how wireless technologies will transform the life cycle of emergency management. Futures 87, 122–132 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bennett, D., Baker, P.M., Mitchell, H.: New 9 media and accessible emergency communications. Disability and Social Media: Global Perspectives, p. 119 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    UNISDR: Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. In: World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    UNISDR: Living with risk: a global review of disaster reduction initiatives: 2004 version - volume II annexes. In: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). New York and Geneva, United Nations (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stough, L.M., Kang, D.: The Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction and persons with disabilities. Int. J. Disaster Risk Sci. 6(2), 140–149 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brooks, M.: Challenges for warning populations with sensory disabilities. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International ISCRAM Conference, Newark, NJ, USA, May 2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hakkinen, M., Sullivan, H.T.: Effective communication of warnings and critical information: application of accessible design methods to auditory warnings. In: Proceedings of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Conference (ISCRAM), Delft, Netherlands, May 2007 (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sullivan, H.T., Hakkinen, M.T., DeBlois, K.: Communicating critical information using mobile phones to populations with special needs. Int. J. Emerg. Manag. 7(1), 6–16 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kent, M., Ellis, K.: People with disability and new disaster communications: access and the social media mash-up. Disabil. Soc. 30(3), 419–431 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Majchrzak, T.A., Sakurai, M.: Design Principles for the Use of Social Network Services to Promote Citizen Engagement, Public Deliverable, SMR Project (H2020-DRS-2014 653569) (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sullivan, H.T., Crisis resilience-enhancing technology: a desk study of accessibility and inclusiveness. In: Public Empowerment Policies for Crisis Management (PEP) EU FP7 Project (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    W3C/WAI: Introduction to Web Accessibility (2005). Accessed 1 Sept 2017Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stephanidis, C.: Towards user interfaces for all: some critical issues. Adv. Hum. Factors/Ergon. 20, 137–142 (1995)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Phibbs, S., et al.: Emergency preparedness and perceptions of vulnerability among disabled people following the Christchurch earthquakes: applying lessons learnt to the Hyogo framework for action. Australas. J. Disaster Trauma Stud. 19, 37–46 (2015). In: IRDR ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Crozier, M., Dee, M.: Critical literature review: disaster support and the resource needs of marginalised children and young people with disabilities from diverse cultural backgrounds (2016)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alexander, D.: Disability and disaster: an overview. In: Kelman, I., Stough, L.M. (eds.) Disability and Disaster: Explorations and Exchanges, pp. 15–29. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137486004_2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Phillips, B.D.: Inclusive emergency management for people with disabilities facing disaster. In: Kelman, I., Stough, L.M. (eds.) Disability and Disaster: Explorations and Exchanges, pp. 31–49. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137486004_3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sefyrin, J., Pilemalm, S.: It’s more important to be fast than to be informed-gender, age, disability and ethnicity in relation to IT in the Swedish rescue services. In: ISCRAM (2016)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wentz, B., et al.: Danger, danger! Evaluating the accessibility of web-based emergency alert sign-ups in the northeastern United States. Gov. Inf. Q. 31(3), 488–497 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
    W3C: Understanding WCAG 2.0 - Understanding Conformance. https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/conformance.html. Accessed 27 Jan 2018
  30. 30.
    AChecker: Achecker Web accessibility checker. http://achecker.ca/checker/index.php. Accessed 27 Jan 2018
  31. 31.
    Mauve: Mauve - Multiguideline Accessibility and Usability Validation Environment. http://hiis.isti.cnr.it:8080/MauveWeb/. Accessed 27 Jan 2018
  32. 32.
    Rømen, D., Svanæs, D.: Validating WCAG versions 1.0 and 2.0 through usability testing with disabled users. Univ. Access Inf. Soc. 11(4), 375–385 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaziar Radianti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Terje Gjøsæter
    • 2
  • Weiqin Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.CIEM, Department of ICTUiAGrimstadNorway
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceOsloMetOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations