Advertisement

Later Geological Evolution of South Limburg and Adjacent Areas

  • J. H. L. VonckenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)

Abstract

This chapter describes the geological evolution of the South Limburg Coal Mining area from the Carboniferous onwards until the present day. It discusses in detail the sediments deposited during different geological periods, and discusses also the local structural geological situation, which focuses on the Roer Valley Graben, with its still-active faults (Heerlerheide Fault, Feldbiss Fault, and Peelrand Fault Zone). In order to put everything into a larger perspective, the chapter zooms in from an overall picture of the development of the Southern North Sea Basin to the coal-mining area on the south side of the Roer Valley Graben.

Keywords

Geological evolution South-Limburg Roer Valley Graben Heerlerheide fault Feldbiss fault Peelrand fault zones Sedimentation Meuse (Maas) river Quartz sand deposits 

References

  1. Bosch PW (1981) Het dal van de Oost-Maas in Zuid-Limburg. Grondboor en Hamer 3–4:95–109Google Scholar
  2. Dinoloket (2018a) Triassic. https://www.dinoloket.nl/triassic. Visited May 2018
  3. Dinoloket (2018b) Middle and lower jurassic. https://www.dinoloket.nl/middle-and-lower-jurassic. Visited May 2018
  4. Dinoloket (2018c) Upper jurassic and lower cretaceous. https://www.dinoloket.nl/upper-jurassic-and-lower-cretaceous. Visited May 2018
  5. Dinoloket (2018d) Upper cretaceous. https://www.dinoloket.nl/upper-cretaceous. Visited May 2018
  6. Dinoloket (2018e) Kiezeloöliet formatie. https://www.dinoloket.nl/kiezelooliet-formatie. Visited May 2018
  7. Doeglas DJ (1949) Loess, an eolian product. J Sed Res 19(3):112–117Google Scholar
  8. Doppert JWChr, Ruegg GHJ, van Staalduinen CJ, Zagwijn WH and Zandstra JG (1975) Formaties van het Kwartair en Boven-Tertiair in Nederland. In: Zagwijn, WH & CJ van Staalduinen (red.), Toelichting bij geologische overzichtskaarten van Nederland. Rijks Geologische Dienst, Haarlem: 11–56 (In Dutch)Google Scholar
  9. Duin EJT, Doornenbal JC, Rijkers RHB, Verbeek JW, Wong TE (2006) Subsurface structure of the Netherlands—results of recent onshore and offshore mapping. Netherlands J Geosci Geol Mijnbouw 85(4):245–276Google Scholar
  10. Ellis D, Stoker MS (2014) The Faroe–Shetland Basin: a regional perspective from the Paleocene to the present day and its relationship to the opening of the North Atlantic Ocean. In: Cannon SJC, Ellis D (eds) Hydrocarbon exploration to exploitation west of shetlands, vol 397. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, pp 11–31Google Scholar
  11. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018a) Permian. https://www.britannica.com/science/Permian-Period. Visited Mar 2018
  12. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018c) Jurassic. https://www.britannica.com/science/Jurassic-Period/Jurassic-geology#ref257903. Visited Apr 2018
  13. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018e) Paleogene. https://www.britannica.com/science/Paleogene-Period. Visited May 2018
  14. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018f) Neogene. https://www.britannica.com/science/Neogene-Period. Visited May 2018
  15. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018g) Pleistocene period. https://www.britannica.com/science/Pleistocene-Epoch. Visited May 2018
  16. Encyclopedia Britannica (2018h) Holocene period. https://www.britannica.com/science/Holocene-Epoch. Visited May 2018
  17. Felder WM, Bosch PW (2000) Krijt van Zuid-Limburg. Geologie van Nederland, part 5, Instituut voor Toegepaste Geowetenschappen TNO, Delft/Utrecht, 190 pp (In Dutch)Google Scholar
  18. de Gans W (2007) Quaternary. In: Wong ThE, Batjes DAJ, de Jager J (eds). Geology of the Netherlands. KNAWGoogle Scholar
  19. Geluk MC, Duin EJTh, Dusar M, Rijkers RHB, van den Berg MW, Van Rooijen P (1994) Stratigraphy and tectonics of the Roer Valley Graben. Geol Mijnbouw 73:129–141Google Scholar
  20. Geologie van Nederland (2017a) http://www.geologievannederland.nl/tijd/reconstructies-tijdvakken/mioceen. Visited Nov 2017
  21. Houtgast R (2018) Photographs of the Feldbiss Fault. https://www.geo.vu.nl/~balr/hour/foto's1.htm
  22. ICS Holocene (2018h) http://quaternary.stratigraphy.org/workinggroups/holocene/. Visited May 2018
  23. ICS (2018a) Permian. http://permian.stratigraphy.org/per/per.asp. Visited Mar 2018
  24. ICS (2018b) Triassic. https://albertiana-sts.org/. Visited Mar 2018
  25. ICS Cretaceous (2018d) http://cretaceous.stratigraphy.org/. Visited Apr 2018
  26. ICS Paleogene (2018e) http://www.paleogene.org/. Visited May 2018
  27. ICS Neogene (2018f) http://www.sns.unipr.it/. Visited May 2018
  28. Imeson A (2012) Desertification, land degradation and sustainability, Chap. 6, p 209. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, 325 ppGoogle Scholar
  29. Michon L, Van Balen RT, Merle O, Pagnier H (2003) The Cenozoic evolution of the Roer Valley Rift System integrated at a European scale. Tectonophysics 367:101–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Patijn RJH, Kimpe WFM (1961) De kaart van het Carboon oppervlak, de profielen en de kaart van het dekterrrein van het Zuid-Limburgs Mijngebied, en Staatsmijn Beatrix en omgeving. Mededelingen van de Geologische Stichting, Serie C, 1—1—No. 4, 1961, publishing company “Ernest van Aelst, Maastricht” (With Dutch and English description)Google Scholar
  31. Ritsema AR (1985) Intraplate Seismic Activity in the Brabant Massif and the graben systems of the lower Rhine-Roer and North Sea. In: Seismic Activity in Western Europe, with particular consideration to the Liège Earthquake of November 8, 1983, P. Melchior editor. NATO ASI Series C, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster, vol 144, pp 85–99Google Scholar
  32. Voncken JHL (2009) Ontstaansgeschiedenis van de steenkolenwinning in Nederland. GEA 42(4):112–115 (In Dutch)Google Scholar
  33. Westerhof WE (2003) Nomenclator Formatie van Breda. Dutch Institute for Applied Geosciences—TNO, Utrecht, 7 ppGoogle Scholar
  34. Wikimedia Commons (2018a) Roerdal Graben https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roerdal_graben_map_NL.svg. Visited Mar 2018
  35. Wikimedia Commons (2018b) Map with plateaus and valleys of South-Limburg. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kaart_met_plateaus_en_dalen_Zuid-Limburg.PNG. Visited Apr 2018 (Redrawn)
  36. Wikipedia (2018a) Zilverzand. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zilverzand. Visited May 2018 (In Dutch)
  37. Wikipedia (2018b) Loess. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loess. Visited Feb 2018
  38. Zagwijn WH (1989) The Netherlands during the Tertiary and the Quaternary: a case history of coastal lowland evolution. Geol Mijnbouw 68:107–120Google Scholar
  39. Ziegler PA (1989) Evolution of Laurussia: a study in Late Palaeozoic plate tectonics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 115 ppGoogle Scholar
  40. Ziegler PA (1992) North Sea rift system. Tectonophysics 208:55–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geoscience and Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and GeosciencesDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations