South Limburg and Adjacent Areas as a Part of the Former Microcontinent Avalonia

  • J. H. L. VonckenEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)


This chapter gives an overview of the plate tectonic processes which are at the basis of the deposition of coal layers in the South-Limburg area: the plants from which the coal was formed were of tropical nature, and thus the region was once located in a tropical climate. The position of this part of Europe in the tropics is due to the movement caused by plate tectonics. This concerns the evolution of the former microcontinent Avalonia, which is now a part of Western Europe and North America. The formation of the coal layers is also described, and the most important carboniferous plants are mentioned.


Plate tectonics Avalonia Microcontinent Continental drift Western Europe Climate zone in the carboniferous Formation of coal layers Carboniferous plants 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geoscience and Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and GeosciencesDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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