Advertisement

Introduction—History of Coal Mining in South Limburg/Aachen Area/Campine Coalfield

  • J. H. L. VonckenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)

Abstract

This chapter tells about the history of coal mining in the Dutch area of South Limburg, and in the adjacent German (Aachen) and Belgian (Campine) areas. Coal mining in this region of Europe started in the Middle Ages. Coal mining on an industrial level started in the German and Belgian areas in the middle of the 19th Century and beginning of the 20th Century respectively. In The Netherlands it began in the 1890s, and into the beginning of the 20th Century.

Keywords

History of coal mining South Limburg Aachen area Campine area Shaft sinking Artificial Ground Freezing (AGF) 

References

  1. Agricola G (1556) De Re Metallica. Image from: http://www.vmine.net/mining-heritage.com/agricola/book5.htm. Visited May 2018
  2. Bergbaumuseum Grube Anna-2 (2018a) Grube Carl-Alexander. http://www.bergbaumuseum-grube-anna2.de/index.php/grube-carl-alexander/. Visited May 2018 (In German language)
  3. Bergbaumuseum Grube Anna-2 (2018b) Grube Carl-Friedrich. http://www.bergbaumuseum-grube-anna2.de/index.php/grube-carl-friedrich/. Visited May 2018 (In German language)
  4. Bergbaumuseum Grube Anna-2 (2018c) Grube Emil Mayrisch. http://www.bergbaumuseum-grube-anna2.de/index.php/grube-emil-mayrisch/. Visited May 2018 (In German language)
  5. Bergbaumuseum Gruba Anna-2 (2018d) Grube Gouley. http://www.bergbaumuseum-grube-anna2.de/index.php/grube-gouley/. Visited May 2018. (In German language).
  6. Bergbaumuseum Gruba Anna-2 (2018e) Grube Teut. http://www.bergbaumuseum-grube-anna2.de/index.php/grube-teut. Visited May 2018. (In German language).
  7. Dinoloket (2017) Chronostratigraphy chart. https://www.dinoloket.nl/carboniferous. Visited December 2017.
  8. Eiffelnatur (2018) Steenkolenmijn Gouley. http://www.eifelnatur.de/Niederl%E4ndisch/Seiten/Steenkolenmijn%20Gouley.html In Dutch Language. Visited May 2018. (In Dutch language).
  9. Gessen R (2018) Eisenbahnen der Region Aachen-Düren-Heinsberg. http://www.gessen.de. Visited May 2018 (In German language)
  10. Patijn RJH,  Kimpe WFM (1961) Explanation to the map of the Carboniferous surface, the sections and the map of the overburden of the South-Limburg mining District and State Mine Beatrix with the surrounding area. Mededelingen van de geologische stichting; Serie C, 1-1-No. 4Google Scholar
  11. Messing FAM (1988) Geschiedenis van de mijnsluiting in Limburg. Noodzaak en lotgevallen van een regionale herstructurering, 1955–1975. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 707 pp (In Dutch language)Google Scholar
  12. Minten L, Raskin L, Soete A, Van Doorslaer B, en Verhees F (1992) Een eeuw steenkool in Limburg. Uitgeverij Lannoo, Tielt, 280 pp (In Dutch language)Google Scholar
  13. Poetsch FH (1884) Method and apparatus for sinking shafts through quicksand. No. 300891-Patented 24 June 1884. http://www.google.com/patents/US300891?hl=nl
  14. Raedts CEPM (1974) De opkomst, de ontwikkeling en de neergang van de steenkolenmijnbouw in Limburg, Maaslandse Monografieën, Van Gorcum BV, Assen, 203 pp (In Dutch Language)Google Scholar
  15. Salber D (1987) Das Aachener Revier—150 Jahre Steinkohlenbergbau an Wurm und Inde. Verlag Schweers and Wall, Aachen, 128 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Schmitz MD, Davydov VI (2012) Quantitative radiometric and biostratigraphic calibration of the Pennsylvanian-Early Permian (Cisuralian) time scale and pan-Euramerican chronostratigraphic correlation. Geol Soc Am Bull 124(3–4):549–577Google Scholar
  17. Schumacher M (2007) Alsdorf und Anna, In: Glückauf, Nr. 26, ISSN 1864-5526, pp 4–20 Bergbaumuseum Grube Anna e.V. (Publisher): Anna Glückauf Berichte-Mitteilungen-Nachrichten (In German language)Google Scholar
  18. Stamboom de Vooys (2018) https://www.genealogieonline.nl/stamboom-de-vooys/I26.php. Visited May 2018 (In Dutch language)
  19. Stichting “De Mijnen” (2017) https://www.demijnstreek.net/index.php. Visited Dec 2017
  20. Voncken JHL (2003) Ontstaansgeschiedenis van de Steenkolenwinning in Limburg. Nat Resour 10(4):34–37 (In Dutch language)Google Scholar
  21. Voncken JHL, De Jong TPR (2003) Steenkolenwinning in Nederland—Coal Mining in The Netherlands. TU Delft Repository. https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid:df6d0d73-46b8-46e1-8da2-1e644bd60c18/datastream/OBJ/download
  22. Wikipedia (2017a) Conodonts. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conodont. Visited Aug 2017
  23. Wikipedia (2017b) History of coal mining/Belgium. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_coal_mining#Belgium. Visited Dec 2017
  24. Wikipedia (2018a) De Marchant et d’Ansembourg. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Marchant_et_d%27Ansembourg#Nederlandse_tak. Visited Oct 2018 (In Dutch language)
  25. Wikipedia (2018b) Frits Fentener van Vlissingen. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frits_Fentener_van_Vlissingen_(1882. Visited May 2018 (In Dutch language)
  26. Wrede V, Zeller M (1988) Geologie der Aachener Steinkohlenlagerstätte (Wurm- und Inderevier). Geologisches Landesamt Nordrhein-Westfalen, 77 pp (In German language)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geoscience and Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and GeosciencesDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations