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Recurrent Nighttime Awakening Due to Shortness of Breath

  • Alireza ShafieiEmail author
Chapter

Practical Points

  • Patients who are symptomatic on alternative treatments of asthma, could benefit from the best preferred treatment before stepping up, according to standard therapy.

  • Epinephrine is lifesaving in anaphylaxis. It should be injected as soon as possible.

  • Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy is highly effective, more than 95%, in decreasing the risk for severe anaphylaxis.

Keywords

Asthma Epinephrine Anaphylaxis 

Reference

  1. 1.
    National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, Third Expert Panel on the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma Bethesda (MD): National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US). 2007. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7232/.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Bahrami Hospital, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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