Ecosystem-Based Economic Modelers of Climate Change

  • S. Niggol Seo


This chapter provides a review and discussions of the models of ecosystem changes induced by climate change as well as the ecosystem-based economic impact models. First, the global land cover database for climate studies constructed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) team and other satellite-based ecosystem data are explained. The land cover data are illustrated by the South American land cover map. Second, the Agro-Ecological Zone (AEZ) classification for suitability of crop agriculture developed by the international agricultural organizations is explained. The distributions of the AEZs across the African continent are illustrated. This chapter then critically reviews the ecosystem-based economic impact studies that rely on the AEZ methodology. The fundamental drawbacks of the AEZ-based economic impact methodology are highlighted through the methodology’s failure of identification of agricultural activities in each AEZ as well as the failure to capture behavioral responses such as selection, diversification, and integration.


Climate change Ecosystem Global land cover Agro-Ecological Zones Economic impacts 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Niggol Seo
    • 1
  1. 1.Muaebak Institute of Global Warming StudiesSeorim-dong, Gwanak-gu, SeoulKorea

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