Advertisement

Medicinal Orchids of Central America

  • Eng Soon Teoh
Chapter

Abstract

Whereas looted gold and silver only enriched the conquistadors and their sponsors, plants from Meso- and South America have greatly enriched the world. Vanilla planifolia is the first orchid from the New World to be described. It was by far the most important orchid species and it has remained so. It was first described in the Codex de la Cruz-Badianus authored by two Catholic natives: la Cruz wrote in Nahuatl and illustrated and Badianus translated into Latin this first book on medicinal herbs of Meso-America. More orchids were described by Bernardino de Sahagun and Francisco Hernandez de Toledo during the sixteenth century. This chapter describes 45 orchid species with non-ornamental usage in Central America from the pre-Hispanic to the post-Hispanic periods.

References

  1. Anonymous (2019) Diego de Landa. Encyclopaedia Britannica (Google)Google Scholar
  2. Asseleih LMC, Garcia R, Cruz J (2015) Ethnobotany, pharmacology and chemistry of medicinal orchids from Veracruz. J Agricul Sci Technol A5(2015):745–754Google Scholar
  3. Bond MO, Aregullin MA, Laux MT (2014) Antimicrobial, cytotoxic and antiproliferative activities of native and invasive orchids in Dominican Republic. Ethnobotany Pennscience J 2014:23–28Google Scholar
  4. Garcia GC, Gomez RS, Rivera LL (2014) Documentation of the medicinal knowledge of Prosthechea karwinskii in a Mixtec community in Mexico. Rev Bras Farmacogn 24(2):153–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kunow MA (2003) Maya medicine. Traditional healing in Yucatan. University of New Mexico Press, AlbuquerqueGoogle Scholar
  6. Lawler LJ (1984) Ethnobotany of the Orchidaceae. In: Arditti J (ed) Orchid biology reviews and perspectives, vol III. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  7. Mariano Ospina H (1997) Orchids and the Aztecs. An herbal documented the use of orchids in the Americas. Orchids 66:1160–1163Google Scholar
  8. Meisel JE, Kaufmann RS, Pupulin F (2014) Orchids of Tropical America: an introduction and guide. In: VandebroekI JB, Calewaert S, De jonckheere SS; Lucio S, Van Damme P, Van Puyvelde L, De Kimpe N: Use of medicinal plants and pharmaceuticals by indigenous communities in the Bolivian Andes and Amazon. Bull World Health Organ vol. 82 n. 4 Geneva Apr. 2004Google Scholar
  9. Ossenbach C (2009) Orchids and Orchidology in Central America. 500 years of history. Lankesteriana 9(1–2):1–268Google Scholar
  10. Ratsch C (1998) The encyclopedia of psychoactive plants: ethnopharmacology and its applications. Park Street Press, RochesterGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eng Soon Teoh
    • 1
  1. 1.SingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations