Advertisement

Future Design

  • Tatsuyoshi SaijoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Economic Design book series (DESI)

Abstract

Future Design, a new movement among Japanese researchers, asks the following question: what types of social systems are necessary if we are to leave future generations sustainable natural environments and sustainable societies? One such method is using an “imaginary future generation,” and I overview the literature including the background of this method, the results of relevant laboratory and field experiments, and the nature of relevant practical applications in cooperation with several local governments.

References

  1. Aoki, R. (2018). Neuro future design. Trends in the Sciences, 23(6), 64–66. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  2. Hansen, G. D., & İmrohoroğlu, S. (2016). Fiscal reform and government debt in Japan: A neoclassical perspective. Review of Economic Dynamics, 21, 201–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hara, K., Yoshioka, R., Kuroda, M., Kurimoto S. and Saijo, T. (2017). Reconciling intergenerational conflicts with imaginary future generations - Evidence from a participatory deliberation practice in a municipality in Japan -, SDES-2017-19. Kami: Kochi University of Technology.Google Scholar
  4. Hiromitsu, T. (2018). Considering the long-term fiscal problems from ethics and experiments. Trends in the Sciences 23(6), 24–27. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  5. Kamijo, Y., Komiya, A., Mifune, M., & Saijo, T. (2017). Negotiating with the future: Incorporating imaginary future generations into negotiations. Sustainability Science, 12(3), 409–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kobayashi, K. (2018a). How to represent the interests of future generations now, 05 May 2018. https://voxeu.org/article/how-represent-interests-future-generations-now.
  7. Kobayashi, K. (2018b). Three concerns on future design. Trends in the Sciences, 23(6), 28–30. (in Japanese).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Maggio, G., & Gaetano, C. (2012). When will oil, natural gas, and coal peak? Fuel, 98, 111–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Monastersky, R. (2015). The human age. Nature, 519(7542), 144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nakagawa, Y., Hara, K., & Saijo, T. (2017). Becoming sympathetic to the needs of future generations: A phenomenological study of participation in future design workshops, SDES-2017-4. Kami: Kochi University of Technology.Google Scholar
  11. Nakagawa, Y., Kotani, K., Matsumoto, M., & Saijo, T. (2018). Intergenerational retrospective viewpoints and individual preferences of policies for future: A deliberative experiment for forest management. Futures (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  12. Nishimura, N., Inoue, N., & Musha, T. (2018). Deliberation mechanism to let people speak for the future generations. Trends in the Sciences, 23–6, 20–23. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  13. Rockström, J., et al. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461(7263), 472–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Saijo, T. (2018). Future design: Bequeathing sustainable natural environments and sustainable societies to future generations. https://researchmap.jp/?action=cv_download_main&upload_id=167703.
  15. Sapolsky, R. M. (2012). Super humanity. Scientific American, 307(3), 40–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shahrier, S., Kotani, K., & Saijo, T. (2017a). Intergenerational sustainability dilemma and the degree of capitalism in societies: A field experiment. Sustainability Science, 12(6), 957–967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shahrier, S., Kotani, K. and Saijo, T. (2017b). Intergenerational sustainability dilemma and a potential solution: Future ahead and back mechanism, SDES-2017-9. Kami: Kochi University of Technology.Google Scholar
  18. Sharot, T. (2011). The optimism bias. Current Biology, 21(23), R941–R945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Steffen, W., Sanderson, A., Tyson, P. D., et al. (2004). Global change and the earth system: A planet under pressure., The IGBP Book Series Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Steffen, W., et al. (2015). Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science, 347(6223), 1259855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Steffen, W., et al. (2018). Trajectories of the earth system in the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(33), 8252–8259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Timilsina, R. R., Kotani, K., Nakagawa, Y., & Saijo, T. (2018). The notion of accountability as a resolution for intergenerational sustainability dilemma, in prep.Google Scholar
  23. Yasunari, T. (2018). Global climatology. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press. (in Japanese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute for Future DesignKochi University of TechnologyKochiJapan
  3. 3.Tokyo Foundation for Policy ResearchTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations