Assessment and Psychology of Pain

  • Will Tyson
  • Anuj Malhotra


Due to the subjective nature of pain and the many forms of its expression, pain is difficult to objectively evaluate. Pain can be evaluated indirectly by measuring physiologic indicators or inferred from use of rescue analgesics. Direct evaluation of pain can be achieved by utilizing either unidimensional or multidimensional measures relying heavily on patient self-report. Outcome measures in pain must meet the following criteria: validity, reliability, appropriateness, responsiveness, and burden. In addition, one must consider both statistical and clinical significance, which may differ.


Psychology of pain Pain assessment Pain evaluation Self-report Unidimensional measures Multidimensional measures 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Will Tyson
    • 1
  • Anuj Malhotra
    • 2
  1. 1.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology Perioperative and Pain MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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