• Dmitri Souza
  • Irena Kiliptch
  • Alex Feoktistov


Headache is one of the most common pain disorders, and the most common cause of absenteeism from school and from work. Chronic headaches affect around 15% of the general population, causing various levels of disability, family, and social dysfunction. It is associated with high socioeconomic impact. A multidisciplinary approach based on a close collaboration between neurologists and interventional pain physicians is critical to optimize outcome in patients with refractory headaches.


Headache Migraine Tension headache Cluster headache Headache classification 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitri Souza
    • 1
  • Irena Kiliptch
    • 2
  • Alex Feoktistov
    • 3
  1. 1.Western Reserve Hospital, Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio UniversityCuyahoga FallsUSA
  2. 2.Avalon University School of MedicineTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Clinical ResearchDiamond Health ClinicGlenviewUSA

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