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Regenerative Medicine

  • Jonathan Snitzer
  • Sunny Patel
  • Xiao Zheng
  • Houman Danesh
  • Yury Khelemsky
Chapter

Abstract

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cells have emerged recently as biologic compounds utilized in regenerative medicine. PRP has shown particular efficacy in pathologies involving areas with poor vascular supply, such as tendons, ligaments and joints, due to its ability to create an inflammatory response, improve of vascular supply, and facilitate chondrogenesis. In applications for disc and spine pathologies, PRP has also provided encouraging results. Similarly, stem cells show comparable promise and novel techniques for extraction may improve clinical outcomes. Further research and approval is necessary for use of stem cells in certain diseases, such as diabetic neuropathy and tendinopathies.

Keywords

Regenerative medicine Platelet-rich plasma Stem cells Sports medicine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Snitzer
    • 1
  • Sunny Patel
    • 2
  • Xiao Zheng
    • 2
  • Houman Danesh
    • 3
  • Yury Khelemsky
    • 4
  1. 1.Pain Management SpecialistFairview ClinicsBlaineUSA
  2. 2.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain MedicineMount Sinai HospitalNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of AnesthesiologyMount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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