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Musculoskeletal Pain Joint Pain: Upper Extremities

  • Melinda Aquino
  • Yuriy O. Ivanov
Chapter

Abstract

Upper extremity pain may arise from a variety of local structures, as well as be referred from the cervical spine. A thorough understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics is essential in the diagnosis and treatment. Targeted physical and occupational therapy is critical to resumption of normal function.

Keywords

Upper extremity pain Arm pain Shoulder Elbow Brachial plexus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melinda Aquino
    • 1
  • Yuriy O. Ivanov
    • 2
  1. 1.Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationMontefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA

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