Seismic Data Analytics for Reservoir Characterization
This chapter first gives an overview of the main characteristics of seismic data and basic analytics using seismic data. It then presents identifications of facies and mapping of continuous reservoir properties using seismic data through mathematical correlation-based methods. The presentation emphasizes analytics in reservoir characterization using seismic attributes. In the last two to three decades, the generation of many seismic attributes from various methods, such as amplitude versus offset (AVO), inversion, and signal analysis, has become common, making seismic attributes part of geoscience big data. There is also an increasing trend in data-analytical methods for treating attribute data. The traditional use of seismic data for structural and stratigraphic interpretations of reservoirs is presented for construction of reservoir-model frameworks in Chap. 15.
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