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Human Trafficking and Its Financial Management in Bulgaria

  • Georgios A. AntonopoulosEmail author
  • Andrea Di Nicola
  • Atanas Rusev
  • Fiamma Terenghi
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)

Abstract

Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation is considered one of the largest Bulgarian criminal markets since the beginning of the new millennium. After the lifting of Schengen visas for Bulgarian nationals in 2001, Bulgaria became a major country of origin for the trafficking in human beings exploited in the EU. The current analysis examines in-depth the financial underpinnings of the human trafficking for sexual exploitation in Bulgaria and discusses both the domestic market and the cross-border trafficking. It provides a general overview of the sources and mechanisms of the financing of trafficking in human beings, settlement of payments, access to financing in critical moments, costs of business, and the management of profits.

Keywords

Bulgaria Human trafficking Sexual exploitation Financial management Money laundering 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgios A. Antonopoulos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea Di Nicola
    • 2
  • Atanas Rusev
    • 3
  • Fiamma Terenghi
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Social Sciences and LawTeesside UniversityMiddlesbroughUK
  2. 2.Faculty of LawUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly
  3. 3.Security ProgramCentre for the Study of DemocracySofiaBulgaria
  4. 4.Faculty of LawUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly

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