A Group Evacuation Method for Smart Buildings

  • Qasim KhalidEmail author
  • Alberto Fernández
  • Marin Lujak
  • Arnaud Doniec
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 553)


Mass evacuation of people in buildings during emergencies is still a burning question regarding safety and reliability. Due to lack of information, crowd prefers to evacuate in the form of random groups. This random grouping increases the possibility of panic among evacuees due to human behavioral factors like herding and stampeding. As a result, congestion may occur resulting in unnecessary casualties. For this purpose, we propose a multi-agent evacuation architecture, that not only collects all the information from evacuees and events occurring in the building on a real-time basis but also provides the evacuation routes to evacuees. In this paper, we discuss a group formation module of our proposed architecture and use an example as a test case to check the functionality of our proposed group formation approach.


Multi-agent system Evacuation Semantic technology Situation Awareness Smart buildings 



Work partially supported by the Autonomous Region of Madrid (grant “MOSI-AGIL-CM” (S2013/ICE-3019) co-funded by EU Structural Funds FSE and FEDER), project “SURF” (TIN2015-65515-C4-4-R (MINECO/FEDER)) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, and through the Excellence Research Group GES2ME (Ref. 30VCPIGI05) co-funded by URJC-Santander Bank.


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qasim Khalid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alberto Fernández
    • 1
  • Marin Lujak
    • 2
  • Arnaud Doniec
    • 2
  1. 1.CETINIAUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain
  2. 2.IMT Lille Douai, Univ. Lille Unité de Recherche Informatique AutomatiqueLilleFrance

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