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Computational Studies of Adsorption of Toxic Molecules and Anions on the Surface of Doped and Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes

  • V. Borysiuk
  • S. G. Nedilko
  • Yu. Hizhnyi
  • A. Shyichuk
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 222)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes are perspective adsorbents for removal of toxic pollutants from surrounding media. The electronic structure-related computational modeling of adsorption has been recognized as a powerful tool for prediction of adsorption capabilities of real CNT-based materials. This chapter describes application of such computational modeling to two perspective applications of the CNT-based materials: (a) elaboration of the resistivity sensors of hydrogen halide molecules HX (X = F, Cl, Br) which are toxic industrial gaseous pollutants and (b) removal of toxic anions of M(VI) (M(VI) = Cr, Mo, W) metals from ambient atmosphere and water. Results of the density functional theory (DFT)-based electronic structure calculations of adsorption of HX molecules and M(VI)O42−, Cr2O72−, and HCrO4 anions on the surface of pristine, B(N)-doped, and functionalized by functional groups (–COOH, –COO, –OH, and –NH3+) CNTs and graphene sheets are analyzed in the context of the mentioned applications. The influence of the tube structure and curvature, type of X, type of doping (B of N) on adsorption characteristics of “HX on CNT” system is analyzed and discussed in regards to elaboration of gas sensors. The influence of the CNT structure, B(N)-doping, and functionalization on absorption capabilities of CNTs with respect to anions of M(VI) metals is analyzed in terms of interatomic chemical bonds between the CNTs and adsorbed anions. This allowed making several important inferences regarding modification of the CNT-based materials for efficient removal of the anions from surrounding media. Possibility of detection of CrO42− anions adsorbed the CNT surface by the spectroscopic technique is analyzed.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes Electronic structure Adsorption Hydrogen halide Molecular anions Density functional theory 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The calculations were performed using Bem supercomputer of Wroclaw Center for Networking and Supercomputing (grant no. 300).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Borysiuk
    • 1
  • S. G. Nedilko
    • 1
  • Yu. Hizhnyi
    • 1
  • A. Shyichuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Taras Shevchenko National University of KyivKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Department of Rare Earth, Faculty of ChemistryAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

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