Hartmut Kliemt Recommends “Violence and Social Orders” by Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis, and Barry R. Weingast

  • Hartmut Kliemt


Violence and Social Orders reminds economists that the free markets of Western open-access societies that extend “stability of possession, its transference by consent and the execution of promises” to large numbers of citizens are political institutions. In a world in which the use of violence in furthering the interests of particular groups is always an option, the nonpartisan enforcement and prevalence of the legal conventions of natural law that are constitutive of the private contract society is a truly astonishing phenomenon: real politics creates a non-political sphere.


  1. North, D. C., Wallis, J. J., & Weingast, B. R. (2009). Violence and social orders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hartmut Kliemt
    • 1
  1. 1.VWL VI (Behavioral and Institutional Economics)Justus Liebig UniversityGiessenGermany

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