Advertisement

Environmental Issues: A Challenge for Wastewater Treatment

  • Meenakshi Choudhary
  • C. N. Peter
  • Sudheesh K. Shukla
  • Penny P. GovenderEmail author
  • Girish M. Joshi
  • Rui Wang
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 38)

Abstract

In the present era, wastewater treatment is a challenging issue for living organism and biophysical environment. According to United Nation (UN) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), climate change is not just a distant future treat, it is the main driver behind rising humanitarian need, and we are seeing its impact. Either there is a lot of environmental issue, but wastewater treatment is one of the main environmental issues for the twenty-first century. Wastewater challenges not only depend on legislations for controlled effluent but also on socioeconomic condition as well as regional characteristics. In this scenario, it is difficult to categorize a common reason to all these situations. In a note, there is a need for implementation of cost-effective and high-performance waste treatment system, and public awareness is of importance. Improper treatment of wastewater from industries and houses before disposal poses severe environmental as well as health issues to the surrounding communities. In this book chapter, we are highlighting several treatment techniques and approaches which have been developed and applied in making sure that these wastewaters are properly treated before being discharged into the environment.

Keywords

Wastewater treatment Water crisis Environmental issue Wastewater management 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial contribution from the Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, and National Research Foundation (TTK14052167682).

References

  1. Adams DM, Brus L, Chidsey CE, Creager S, Creutz C, Kagan CR, … Marcus RA (2003) Charge transfer on the nanoscale: current status. J Phys Chem B 107(28):6668–6697.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0268462 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adewuyi YG (2005) Sonochemistry in environmental remediation. 1. Combinative and hybrid sonophotochemical oxidation processes for the treatment of pollutants in water. Environ Sci Technol 39(10):3409–3420.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es049138y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahlawat K, Kumar A (2009) Analysis of Industrial effluents and its comparison with other effluents from residential and commercial areas in Solan HP. Int J Theor Appl Sci 1(2):42–46. doi: ISSN: 0975-1718Google Scholar
  4. Aksu Z (2005) Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: a review. Process Biochem 40(3):997–1026.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2004.04.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Aksu Z, Dönmez G (2005) Combined effects of molasses sucrose and reactive dye on the growth and dye bioaccumulation properties of Candida tropicalis. Process Biochem 40(7):2443–2454.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2004.09.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alam MM, ALOthman ZA, Naushad M, Aouak T (2014) Evaluation of heavy metal kinetics through pyridine based Th(IV) phosphate composite cation exchanger using particle diffusion controlled ion exchange phenomenon. J Ind Eng Chem 20:705–709.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.05.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Anjaneyulu Y, Chary NS, Raj DSS (2005) Decolourization of industrial effluents–available methods and emerging technologies–a review. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 4(4):245–273.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-005-1246-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arroyave Rojas JA, Garcés Giraldo LF, de Arango Ruiz ÁJ, Agudelo López CM (2008) Photo degradation of the tartrazine dye by means of photofenton, using an ultra violet light lamp. Revista Lasallista de Investigación 5(2):6–12. doi: ISSN 1794-4449Google Scholar
  9. Bank W (1999) Fourth rural water supply and sanitation project. Appraisal document, 1999, pp 3–5. Retrieved April 25, 2015, at the way back machineGoogle Scholar
  10. Börnick H, Schmidt TC (2006) Amines. In: Organic pollutants in the water cycle: properties, occurrence, analysis and environmental relevance of polar compounds. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp 181–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brillas E, Martínez-Huitle CA (2015) Decontamination of wastewaters containing synthetic organic dyes by electrochemical methods. An updated review. Appl Catal B Environ 166:603–643.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.11.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. China (2007) China pays water price for progress. Water 21, Magazine of the international Water Association. Retrieved August, 2017, p 6Google Scholar
  13. Cosgrove WJ, Loucks DP (2015) Water management: Current and future challenges and research directions. Water Resour Res 51: 4823–4839.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014WR016869 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Crini G (2006) Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. Bioresour Technol 97(9):1061–1085.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.05.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Elahmadi MF, Bensalah N, Gadri A (2009) Treatment of aqueous wastes contaminated with Congo Red dye by electrochemical oxidation and ozonation processes. J Hazard Mater 168(2–3):1163–1169.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.139 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fersi C, Dhahbi M (2008) Treatment of textile plant effluent by ultrafiltration and/or nanofiltration for water reuse. Desalination 222(1–3):263–271.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2007.01.171 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Freeman S (2017) The world’s water supply, in how water works, how stuff work. Retrieved May, Thursday 11, 2017, from http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/h2o1.htm
  18. Gupta V (2009) Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal–a review. J Environ Manag 90(8):2313–2342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harrison K (1997) DDT a Banned insecticide molecules of the moth. Retrieved August 12, 2017, from http://www.chem.ox.au.uk/mom/ddt/ddt.html
  20. Hewakuruppu YL, Dombrovsky LA, Chen C, Timchenko V, Jiang X, Baek S, Taylor RA (2013) Plasmonic “pump–probe” method to study semi-transparent nanofluids. Appl Opt 52(24):6041–6050.  https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.006041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Islam M, Naushad M, Patel R (2015) Polyaniline/basic oxygen furnace slag nanocomposite as a viable adsorbent for the sorption of fluoride from aqueous medium: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic study. Desalin Water Treat 54:450–463.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.887034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Junior WV (2017) Population and water resources, in science and issues, water encyclopedia. Retrieved May 11, 2017, from http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Po-Re/Population-and-Water-Resources.html
  23. Karasov C (2017) Population, in pollution issues. JRank. Retrieved May 11, 2017, from http://www.pollutionissues.com/Pl-Re/Population.html
  24. Kiwi J, Lopez A, Nadtochenko V (2000) Mechanism and kinetics of the OH-radical intervention during Fenton oxidation in the presence of a significant amount of radical scavenger (Cl-). Environ Sci Technol 34(11):2162–2168.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es991406i CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Larry W (2015) World water day: a billion people worldwide lack safe drinking water. Retrieved March 6, 2015Google Scholar
  26. Linic S, Christopher P, Ingram DB (2011) Plasmonic-metal nanostructures for efficient conversion of solar to chemical energy. Nat Mater 10(12):911.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lower S (2007, July) Hard water and water softening. Retrieved June 8, 2018Google Scholar
  28. Manu B, Chaudhari S (2002) Anaerobic decolorisation of simulated textile wastewater containing azo dyes. Bioresour Technol 82(3):225–231.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00190-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Matsuda M, Hunt G (2005) Nanotechnology and public health. Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi (Jpn J Public Health) 52(11):923–927.  https://doi.org/10.11236/jph.52.11_923 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Merzouk B, Gourich B, Sekki A, Madani K, Vial C, Barkaoui M (2009) Studies on the decolorization of textile dye wastewater by continuous electrocoagulation process. Chem Eng J 149(1–3):207–214.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2008.10.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mishra G, Tripathy M (1993) A critical review of the treatments for decolourization of textile effluent. Colourage 40:35–35Google Scholar
  32. Nabi SA, Bushra R, Naushad M, Khan AM (2010) Synthesis, characterization and analytical applications of a new composite cation exchange material poly-o-toluidine stannic molybdate for the separation of toxic metal ions. Chem Eng J 165:529–536.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.09.064 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Naushad M, ALOthman ZA, Inamuddin JH (2015) Removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution using ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid-Zr(IV) iodate composite cation exchanger: Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic studies. J Ind Eng Chem 25:35–41.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2014.10.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Office KP (2002) The ministry of environment, minamata disease: the history and measures. Retrieved January 17, 2015, from http://www.env.gojp/en/chemi/hs/minamata
  35. Oleszczuk P, Baran S (2004) Application of solid-phase extraction to determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sewage sludge extracts. J Hazard Mater 113(1–3):237–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Perez M, Torrades F, Domenech X, Peral J (2002) Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation of textile effluents. Water Res 36(11):2703–2710.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00506-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Perlman H (2017) Distribution of earth’s water, in the world’s water, USGS Water Science School. Retrieved May Thursday, 11, 2017, from https://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwherewater.html
  38. Peter CN, Anku WW, Sharma R, Joshi GM, Shukla SK, Govender PP (2018) N-doped ZnO/graphene oxide: a photostable photocatalyst for improved mineralization and photodegradation of organic dye under visible light. Ionics 25:327.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2571-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pink DH (2006) Investing in tomorrow’s liquid gold. Yahoo. Retrieved August 12, 2016, from http://finance.yahoo.com/columnist/article/trenddesk/3748
  40. Pink, DH (2015) Investing in tomorrow’s liquid gold. Yahoo. Retrieved April 23, 2015Google Scholar
  41. Rai HS, Bhattacharyya MS, Singh J, Bansal T, Vats P, Banerjee U (2005) Removal of dyes from the effluent of textile and dyestuff manufacturing industry: a review of emerging techniques with reference to biological treatment. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 35(3):219–238.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380590917932 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rangreez TA, Inamuddin NM, Ali H (2015) Synthesis and characterisation of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) Zr(IV) monothiophosphate composite cation exchanger: analytical application in the selective separation of lead metal ions. Int J Environ Anal Chem 95:556–568.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03067319.2015.1036863 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Robinson T, McMullan G, Marchant R, Nigam P (2001) Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative. Bioresour Technol 77(3):247–255.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00080-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sahoo S, Parveen S, Panda J (2007) The present and future of nanotechnology in human health care. Nanomedicine 3(1):20–31.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2006.11.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sheet F (2004) National water quality inventory report to congress. (Report). Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). January 2006. EPA 841-F-08-003Google Scholar
  46. Singh K, Arora S (2011) Removal of synthetic textile dyes from wastewaters: a critical review on present treatment technologies. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 41(9):807–878.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380903218376 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Skipton BDAS (2008) G08-1490 drinking water treatment: reverse osmosis. Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Paper 4344, from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/extensionhist/4344
  48. Solís M, Solís A, Pérez HI, Manjarrez N, Flores M (2012) Microbial decolouration of azo dyes: a review. Process Biochem 47(12):1723–1748.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2012.08.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Soloman PA, Basha CA, Velan M, Ramamurthi V, Koteeswaran K, Balasubramanian N (2009) Electrochemical degradation of Remazol Black B dye effluent. Clean Soil Air Water 37(11):889–900.  https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200900055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Suteu D, Zaharia C, Bilba D, Muresan R, Popescu A, Muresan A (2009) Decolorization waste waters from the textile industry-physical methods, chemical methods. Ind Tex 60(5):254–263Google Scholar
  51. Taylor RA, Otanicar T, Rosengarten G (2012) Nanofluid-based optical filter optimization for PV/T systems. Light Sci Appl 1(10):e34.  https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2012.34 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Taylor R, Coulombe S, Otanicar T, Phelan P, Gunawan A, Lv W … Tyagi H (2013a) Small particles, big impacts: a review of the diverse applications of nanofluids. J Appl Phys 113(1):1.  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4754271 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Taylor RA, Otanicar TP, Herukerrupu Y, Bremond F, Rosengarten G, Hawkes ER … Coulombe S (2013b) Feasibility of nanofluid-based optical filters. Appl Opt 52(7):1413–1422.  https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.001413 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vijayaraghavan K, Yun Y-S (2008) Biosorption of CI Reactive Black 5 from aqueous solution using acid-treated biomass of brown seaweed Laminaria sp. Dyes Pigments 76(3):726–732.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2007.01.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Vilar VJ, Pinho LX, Pintor AM, Boaventura RA (2011) Treatment of textile wastewaters by solar-driven advanced oxidation processes. Sol Energy 85(9):1927–1934.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2011.04.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Warren SC, Thimsen E (2012) Plasmonic solar water splitting. Energy Environ Sci 5(1):5133–5146.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C1EE02875H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. West L (2017) World water day: a billion people worldwide lack safe drinking water. Retrieved September 10, 2017, from About.com
  58. Xiao J, Xie Y, Cao H (2015) Organic pollutants removal in wastewater by heterogeneous photocatalytic ozonation. Chemosphere 121:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zaharia C, Suteu D, Muresan A, Muresan R, Popescu A (2009) Textile wastewater treatment by homogenous oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. Environ Eng Manag J 8(6):1359–1369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zaharia C, Suteu D, Muresan A (2012) Options and solutions for textile effluent decolorization using some specific physico-chemical treatment steps. Environ Eng Manag J 11(2):493–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zhang W, Liu W, Zhang J, Zhao H, Zhang Y, Quan X, Jin Y (2012) Characterisation of acute toxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress posed by textile effluent on zebrafish. J Environ Sci 24(11):2019–2027.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(11)61030-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Zhao G, Li M, Hu Z, Hu H (2005) Dissociation and removal of complex chromium ions containing in dye wastewaters. Sep Purif Technol 43(3):227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Zingaro RA, Dufner DC, Murphy AP, Moody CD (1997) Reduction of oxoselenium anions by iron (II) hydroxide. Environ Int 23(3):299–304.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(97)00032-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meenakshi Choudhary
    • 1
  • C. N. Peter
    • 2
  • Sudheesh K. Shukla
    • 2
    • 3
  • Penny P. Govender
    • 2
    Email author
  • Girish M. Joshi
    • 4
  • Rui Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Blaustein Institutes for Desert ResearchBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeershebaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Applied Chemistry, Doornfontein Campus 2028University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Engineering Physics and Engineering MaterialsInstitute of Chemical Technology (ICT)JalnaIndia

Personalised recommendations