Re/Presenting Marginalized Children in Contemporary Children’s Cinema in India: A Study of Gattu and Stanley ka Dabba
This chapter explores the uses of three spaces integral to childhood—school, playground, and family or home—as sites of struggle in two films, Gattu (2011) and Stanley Ka Dabba (2011), and examines both how these films portray marginalized children and how they address issues related to child labor, education, and exploitation. Central to the argument is the films’ representations of education and trickery as key thematic configurations. The variations in the cinematic construction of the child-protagonist and the content make one film more politically radical than the other.
- Anand, Natasha. 2016. “‘I Am Trying’ to Perform Like an Ideal Boy: The Construction of Boyhood Through Corporal Punishment and Educational Discipline in Taare Zameen Par.” Boyhood Studies 9 (1): 78–104. https://doi.org/10.3167/bhs.2016.090105.
- Brown, Noel. 2017. The Children’s Film: Genre, Nation and Narrative. London and New York: Wallflower. Kindle.Google Scholar
- Brown, Noel, and Bruce Babington. 2015. “Introduction: Children’s Films and Family Films.” In Family Films in Global Cinema: The World Beyond Disney, edited by Noel Brown and Bruce Babington, 1–18. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. Kindle.Google Scholar
- Chaudhary, Nandita. 2018. “Childhood, Culture and the Social Sciences: What We Have Gained and What We May Be in the Process of Losing.” In Childhoods in India: Traditions, Trends, and Transformations, edited by T. S. Saraswathi, Shailaja Menon, and Ankur Madan, 87–108. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Chillar Party. 2011. Directed by Nitesh Tiwari and Vikas Bahl. Film. UTV SpotBoy, SKBH Productions.Google Scholar
- Chirayu: Eternal. 2001. Directed by Shyam Benegal, Santosh Sivan, Sai Paranjpye, Virendra Saini, Aziz Mirza, A. K. Bir. Film. Children’s Film Society, India.Google Scholar
- Ganti, Tejaswini. 2004. Introduction to Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Gattu. 2011. Directed by Rajan Khosa. Film. Children’s Film Society, India.Google Scholar
- Grant, Barry Keith. 2007. Film Genre: From Iconography to Ideology. London and New York: Wallflower.Google Scholar
- Gulati, Nidhi. 2018. “Baccha Log, Taali Bajao: Orphans in Cinematic Imagination.” In Childhoods in India: Traditions, Trends and Transformations, edited by T. S. Saraswathi, Shailaja Menon, and Ankur Madan, 157–80. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Jalpari: The Desert Mermaid. 2012. Directed by Nila Madhab Panda. Film. Sushilkumar Aggarwal.Google Scholar
- Laadli: The Darling. 2001. Directed by Mazahir Rahim. Film. Children’s Film Society, India.Google Scholar
- Lilkee. 2006. Directed by Batul Mukhtiar. Film. Children’s Film Society, India.Google Scholar
- Madan, Ankur, Rajashree Srinivasan, and Kinnari Pandya. 2018. “Parent-Child Relations: Changing Contours and Emerging Trends.” In Childhoods in India: Traditions, Trends and Transformations, edited by T. S. Saraswathi, Shailaja Menon, and Ankur Madan, 109–29. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Mehta, Rini Bhattacharya. 2010. “Bollywood, Nation, Globalization: An Incomplete Introduction.” In Bollywood and Globalization: Indian Popular Cinema, Nation, and Diaspora, edited by Rini Bhattacharya Mehta and Rajeshwari V. Pandharipande, 1–14. London, New York, and Delhi: Anthem Press.Google Scholar
- Menon, Shailaja, and T. S. Saraswathi. 2018. Introduction to Childhoods in India: Traditions, Trends and Transformations, edited by T. S. Saraswathi, Shailaja Menon, and Ankur Madan, 1–19. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Labour and Employment. 2012. “Working Children, Census 2001 & 2011.” Census Data on Child Labour, 1. Retrieved from https://labour.gov.in/sites/default/files/Census-2001&2011.pdf.
- Pillai, Swarnavel Eswaran. 2015. “Dubashi: Indian Film, Cross-Cultural Communication and Screenings for Children.” In Children’s Film in the Digital Age: Essays on Audience, Adaptation and Consumer Culture, edited by Karin Beeler and Stan Beeler, 148–59. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.Google Scholar
- Pratham. 2016. Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2016. New Delhi: ASER Centre. Retrieved from http://www.asercentre.org/p/289.html.
- Raghavendra, M. K. 2012. “Mainstream Hindi Cinema and Brand Bollywood: The Transformation of a Cultural Artifact.” In The Magic of Bollywood: At Home and Abroad, edited by Anjali Gera Roy, 27–41. New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
- Rajagopalan, Jayashree. 2013. “Heal the World, Make It a Better Place: Social and Individual Hope in Indian Children’s Cinema.” Bookbird: A Journal of International Children’s Literature 51 (1): 10–19. https://doi.org/10.1353/bkb.2013.0020.
- Roy, Anjali Gera. 2012. Introduction to The Magic of Bollywood: At Home and Abroad, edited by Anjali Gera Roy, 1–24. New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
- Stanley’s Tiffin Box (Stanley ka Dabba). 2011. Directed by Amole Gupte. Film. Amole Gupte Cinema Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
- Taare Zameen Par. 2007. Directed by Aamir Khan. Film. Aamir Khan Productions.Google Scholar
- UNICEF. 2016. The State of the World’s Children 2016 statistical tables. New York: United Nations. Retrieved from https://data.unicef.org/resources/state-worlds-children-2016-statistical-tables/.
- Wojcik-Andrews, Ian. 2000. Children’s Films: History, Ideology, Pedagogy, Theory. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar