In Search of the Elusive Bird: Childhood from the Margins in Fandry

  • Sonia Ghalian


This chapter discusses the socioeconomic aspects of caste and class, peculiar to the context of Indian childhood but rarely represented in Indian cinema, in the contemporary children’s film Fandry (2013). Fandry occupies the physical spaces of childhood, chiefly school and home, in order to illustrate the special vulnerabilities and struggles of a child experiencing adolescence from the perspective of a social outcast. The identity-based discrimination that frames the protagonist’s childhood world and the distorting impact of that discrimination on the young protagonist’s coming of age form the thematic basis for the film.


  1. Balagopalan, Sarada. 2011. “Children’s lives and the Indian context.” Childhood 13 (3): 291–97.
  2. Banaji, Shakuntala. 2016. Children and Media in India: Narratives of Class, Agency and Social Change. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Bhave, Girish. 2008. “Sant Tukaram—The Great Poet of the Bhakti Movement.” Ghadar Jari Hai, June 20.
  4. Fandry. 2013. Directed by Nagraj Manjule. Film. Mumbai: Video Palace.Google Scholar
  5. Guru, Gopal. 2009. “Food as a Metaphor for Cultural Hierarchies.” CASI Working Paper Series No. 09-01, October. Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  6. Jodhka, S. Surinder. 2015. Caste in Contemporary India. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Manjule, Nagraj. n.d. “Fandry: Synopsis and Director’s Note.” IndieMeme.
  8. ———. 2013. “In Conversation with ‘Fandry’ Director Nagaraj Manjule.” Nagraj Manjule Interview by Nandini Krishnan, Sify, November 3.
  9. ———. 2014b. “My Inspiration Is My Life—Nagraj Manjule.” Nagraj Manjule Interview by Ruhi Sinha, The Review Monk, April 22.
  10. Pistulya. 2009. Directed by Nagraj Manjule. Film. Performed by Vithal Bulbule and Prashant Kamble.Google Scholar
  11. Prasad, Madhava M. 1998. Ideology of the Hindi Film: A Historical Construction. Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Ramnath, Nandini. 2016. “Nagraj Manjule | Pigs Can Fly.” Livemint, October 26.
  13. Sairat. 2016. Directed by Nagraj Manjule. Film. Mumbai: Video Palace.Google Scholar
  14. Valmiki, Omprakash. 2003. Joothan. Translated by Arun Prabha Mukherjee. New York: Columbia University Press. Google Scholar
  15. Wani, Aarti. 2014. “Love in the Time of Pigs,” Economic and Political Weekly 49 (12).
  16. ———. 2015. “‘The Child’ of New Marathi Cinema.” Studies in South Asian Film & Media 7 (1–2): 59–70.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Ghalian
    • 1
  1. 1.Manipal Centre for HumanitiesManipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE)ManipalIndia

Personalised recommendations