Scientific Response to Deadly Novel Epidemics: The Role of Health Research Ethics
Bioethics is an inter-disciplinary and rapidly emerging field. It is the science of criteria, norms, and values for human action and conduct that focuses on reflection and analysis of morals concerning whether an act is good or bad and how it influences: our basic quest for meaning; our search for humanity; and our attempt to create a humane society. While research ethics ultimately aims at safeguarding human dignity, promoting justice, equality, truth, and trust during the conduct of research, certain situations may arise that make the application of the basic principles of bioethics complex. This chapter presents the complexity, debates and contestations surrounding the application of ethical principles during a deadly epidemic in Africa.
- Bacon, F., Calvin, J., Lipsius, J., Luther, M., Knowledge, M., & Montaigne, M. D. (2008). Internet encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved February, 24, 2008.Google Scholar
- Baier, A. (1995). Moral prejudices: Essays on ethics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Code, N. (1949). The Nuremberg Code. Trials of war criminals before the Nuremberg military tribunals under control council law (Vol. 10, pp. 181–182). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, & National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. (2014). The Belmont Report. Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. The Journal of the American College of Dentists, 81(3), 4.Google Scholar
- Engelhardt, H. T. (2011, Sep). Core competencies for health care ethics consultants: In search of professional status in a post-modern world. HEC forum (Vol. 23, No. 3, p. 129). Springer Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Howard-Jones, N. (1986). CIOMS ethical code for animal experimentation. ICLAS Bulletin.Google Scholar
- Onuoha, C. (2007). “Bioethics across borders.” An African perspective. Uppsala Studies in Social Ethics, 34, 210–211.Google Scholar
- World Medical Association. (2008). Medical association declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subject. Edinburgh: 52nd WMA General Assembly (online) URL, Tomado desde: http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html. El, 15(07), 04.