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Attenuated Psychosis Syndromes Among Mexican Youth and Young Adults: A Culturally Relevant Case Illustration Approach

  • Francisco Reyes-Madrigal
  • Pablo León-Ortiz
  • Camilo de la Fuente-SandovalEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The concept of an attenuated psychosis syndromes has focused attention on early intervention to prevent or attenuate full-blown psychosis. This work is becoming increasingly internationalized, which warrants special consideration of cultural differences in conceptualization of mental illness and international differences in healthcare practices and rights regarding research participation. However, in Mexico, there is a scarcity of resources for mental healthcare, especially for psychosis spectrum disorders, and many clinicians are not very familiar with attenuated psychosis syndromes. Moreover, current studies have not allowed for an in-depth examination of the challenges and the strategies of working with youth from the range of specific cultures. The purpose of this chapter was to critically review in Mexico the health system, stigma, cultural values, and beliefs about mental illness (psychosis in particular) and how these may make adaptations to interventions necessary while highlighting specific challenges that Mexican populations encounter. We also present the implemented methodology in a local evaluation program and describe country-specific literature. Finally, we provide a clinical vignette to illustrate these challenges and the relevance of cultural aspects in clinical practice, highlighting the challenges of identifying and treating Mexican youth at risk for psychosis and their families.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Reyes-Madrigal
    • 1
  • Pablo León-Ortiz
    • 2
  • Camilo de la Fuente-Sandoval
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental PsychiatryInstituto Nacional de Neurología y NeurocirugíaMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Laboratory of Experimental Psychiatry & Department of EducationInstituto Nacional de Neurología y NeurocirugíaMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Laboratory of Experimental Psychiatry & Neuropsychiatry DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Neurología y NeurocirugíaMexico CityMexico

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