Overview on Robotic Training

  • Luiz Alfredo Vieira d’Almeida
  • Daniella Guimarães Cavalcanti Freitas


During the past recent years, there has been a significant increase in the use of robotic-assisted surgery in the world, probably because the robotic system helps to overcome the added challenges of performing these procedures in a minimally invasive fashion presumably and facilitates a more predictable and safer outcome. Upon comparison between open surgery and minimally invasive robotic approach, the benefits of the last are similar to those pertaining to laparoscopy: a recent study suggests that robotic-assisted surgery leads to a decreased length of stay and less possibility of death for 90% of patients, when compared to open surgery. Despite all of the perks pertaining robotic surgery, it has some major limitations, such as the steep learning curve related to the performance of robotic-assisted laparoscopic procedures. One potential solution for this matter is the use of virtual reality simulators, which have been shown by some studies to be able to decrease this learning curve, despite being criticized by other researchers. Up until now, there is not a standardized training method for robotic surgery, although the use of virtual reality simulation is of significant importance in these current methods. Therefore, the point of this review is to specify the current training method for robotic surgery, pointing out the reasons for the use of such methods, its benefits and limitations, and, finally, to determine if the current certification model is suitable.


Simulator in robotic surgery Surgeons training in robotic surgery Certification in robotic surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Alfredo Vieira d’Almeida
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniella Guimarães Cavalcanti Freitas
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Samaritano HospitalRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Queen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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