The development and organization of the Revolutionary Policy Committee (RPC) owed much to the pressures of fascism and the economic crisis. Members included students radicalized at Union Theological Seminary. The RPC was a genuine effort to wrestle with the complexities of the 1930s. As such, it reveals much about the specific rationales used to justify a radical turn and indicates how Socialist Party tradition served as a break on violent activity—if not violent rhetoric. Education and work within the established labor movement characterized the RPC’s activities. Despite all of its claims to represent a revolutionary alternative, it did not stray far from the Socialist Party’s imperatives of education, work within the mainstream labor movement, and electoral action.