Ethnic Nationalism, Social Darwinism, and Alternative Modernities

  • Paul S. Chung


The prior investigations of postcolonial political theology and mimicry lead us to this chapter which includes a case study of previously colonialized nation, South Korea by Japan. It focuses on colonial modernity, alternative modernities, and the postcolonial epistemology, especially in dealing with the political and cultural problems of South Korea. The reason for this study is relevant to my previous critical undertaking of social Darwinism, which remains an undercurrent in its racially oriented nationalism in South Korea. A debate of the modernization thesis or colonial modernity is undertaken in treating the period of Japanese colonialism. This debate leads to a subsequent inquiry of ethnic nationalism and social Darwinism, which was shaped during the Japanese colonial period. To advance the thesis of civil nationalism, I take issue with the idea of Eurocentrism and develop a postcolonial project of political theology and trans-modernity. I conceptualize the significance of multiple or alternative modernities within the context of the critical theory and seek to overcome the limitations of the modernization theory and ethno-nationalism toward the postcolonial political theology.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul S. Chung
    • 1
  1. 1.Lutheran School of Theology at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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