Advertisement

Digital Ethics: Its Nature and Scope

  • Luciano FloridiEmail author
  • Corinne Cath
  • Mariarosaria Taddeo
Chapter
Part of the Digital Ethics Lab Yearbook book series (DELY)

Abstract

The digital revolution provides huge opportunities to improve private and public life, and our environments, from health care to smart cities and global warming. Unfortunately, such opportunities come with significant ethical challenges. In particular, the extensive use of increasingly more data—often personal, if not sensitive (Big Data)—the growing reliance on algorithms to analyse them in order to shape choices and to make decisions (including machine learning, AI, and robotics), and the gradual reduction of human involvement or oversight over many automatic processes, pose pressing questions about fairness, responsibility, and respect of human rights.

Keywords

Macro ethics Levels of abstraction Data infrastructures Cyber conflicts 

References

  1. Abbate, Janet. 2000. Inventing the internet. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Arquilla. 1999. Ethics and information warfare. In Strategic appraisal: The changing role of information in warfare, ed. Zalmay Khalilzad and John Patrick White, 379–401. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.Google Scholar
  3. Benkler, Yochai. 2000. From consumers to users: Shifting the deeper structures of regulation towards sustainable commons and user access. Federal Communications Law Journal 52: 3.Google Scholar
  4. Bynum, Terrell. 2015. Computer and information ethics. In The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2015/entries/ethics-computer/.
  5. Cath, Corinne, and Luciano Floridi. 2017. The design of the internet’s architecture by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and human rights. Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2): 449–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castells, Manuel. 2007. Communication, power and counter-power in the network society. International Journal of Communication 1 (1): 238–266.Google Scholar
  7. Cath, Corinne, Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt, Mariarosaria Taddeo, and Luciano Floridi. 2017. Artificial intelligence and the “Good society”: The US, EU, and UK approach. Science and Engineering Ethics: 1–24.Google Scholar
  8. Chadwick, Andrew. 2006. Internet politics: States, citizens, and new communication technologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Choucri, N., Clark, D. 2012. Integrating cyberspace and international relations: The Co-Evolution. Working Paper No. 2012–29, Political Science Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=2178586
  10. Deibert, Ronald. 2008. Access denied: The practice and policy of global internet filtering. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Denardis, Laura. 2014. The global war for internet governance. New Haven: Yale University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Floridi, Luciano. 2006. Information ethics, its nature and scope. SIGCAS Computer Society 36 (3): 21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. ———. 2008. The method of levels of abstraction. Minds and Machines 18 (3): 303–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. ———. 2011. “The philosophy of information”. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. ———. 2012. Distributed morality in an information society. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3): 727–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 2013. The ethics of information. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. ———. 2014. Open data, data protection, and group privacy. Philosophy & Technology 27 (1): 1–3.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13347-014-0157-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ———. 2016. Faultless responsibility: on the nature and allocation of moral responsibility for distributed moral actions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 374 (2083): 20160112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoare, Charles Antony Richard. 1972. Structured programming. In Structured programming, ed. O.J. Dahl, E.W. Dijkstra, and C.A.R. Hoare, 83–174. London: Academic. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1243380.1243382.Google Scholar
  20. Hofmann, Jeanette, Christian Katzenbach, and Kirsten Gollatz. 2016. Between coordination and regulation: Finding the governance in internet governance. New Media & Society 19 (9): 1406–1423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lessig, Lawrence. 2006. Code: And other Laws of cyberspace, version 2.0. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  22. Markets and Markets. 2015. ‘Cyber security market by solutions & services - 2020’. http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/cyber-security-market-505.html?gclid=CNb6w7mt8MgCFQoEwwodZVQD-g.Google Scholar
  23. Mathiason, John. 2008. Internet governance: The new frontier of global institutions. Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Mittelstadt, Brent Daniel. 2016. In The ethics of biomedical big data, Law, governance and technology series, ed. Luciano Floridi, vol. 29. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Moor, James H. 1985. What is computer ethics? Metaphilosophy 16 (4): 266–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Parker, Donn B. 1968. Rules of ethics in information processing. Communications of the ACM 11 (3): 198–201.  https://doi.org/10.1145/362929.362987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Taddeo, Mariarosaria. 2010. Trust in technology: A distinctive and a problematic relation. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3–4): 283–286.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12130-010-9113-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. ———. 2012. Information warfare: A philosophical perspective. Philosophy and Technology 25 (1): 105–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. ———. 2014. Just information warfare. Topoi 35 (1): 213–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. ———. 2016. On the risks of relying on analogies to understand cyber conflicts. Minds and Machines 26 (4): 317–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. ———., ed. 2017a. The responsibilities of online service providers. New York/Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2017b. Cyber conflicts and political power in information societies. Minds and Machines 27 (2): 265–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Taddeo, Mariarosaria, and Luciano Floridi. 2011. The case for E-trust. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1): 1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ———. 2015. The debate on the moral responsibilities of online service providers. Science and Engineering Ethics (November).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-015-9734-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. ———, eds. 2017. The responsibilities of online service providers. New York: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  36. ———. 2018. Regulate artificial intelligence to avert cyber arms race. Nature 556 (7701): 296–298.  https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-04602-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Taylor, Linnet, Luciano Floridi, and Bart van der Sloot, eds. 2017. Group privacy: New challenges of data technologies. Hildenberg: Philosophical Studies, Book Series, Springer.Google Scholar
  38. Turilli, Matteo, and Luciano Floridi. 2009. The ethics of information transparency. Ethics and Information Technology 11 (2): 105–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciano Floridi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Corinne Cath
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mariarosaria Taddeo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Oxford Internet Institute, Digital Ethics LabUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.The Alan Turing InstituteLondonUK

Personalised recommendations