Psychological Constructs for AI Systems: The Information Continuum

  • James A. Crowder
  • John Carbone
  • Shelli Friess


Research for the development of credible solutions within the Information Continuum has been a 17-year journey that began in the mid 1990s when we were designing new ways to perform data capture, processing, analysis, and dissemination of high volume, high data rate, streams of information (what today would be called a “big data” problem). Hence, data analysis and lack of quality user interaction within that process are not a new problem. Users have continued to be challenged keeping up with the vast volumes and multiple streams of data that have to be analyzed. By the time a user had grabbed a time-slice of data, plotted it, and analyzed it, 100s of Gigabytes of data had passed through the system. In order to provide some semblance of rational attack against the onslaught of data, industry created what could be likened to a virtual window into systems enabling analysts to “walk into the middle” of the data and look at it as it flowed through the system. Analysts could reach out and grab a set of data, rotate it through its axes, and perform automated analysis on the data while remaining within the system data flow. This way analysts could intelligently and rapidly hop between portions of data within multiple data streams to gain pattern and association awareness.


Information continuum Artificial intelligence Knowledge density Knowledge relativity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Crowder
    • 1
  • John Carbone
    • 2
  • Shelli Friess
    • 3
  1. 1.Colorado Engineering Inc.Colorado SpringsUSA
  2. 2.ForcepointAustinUSA
  3. 3.Walden UniversityMinneapolisUSA

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