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Nanotechnology Application in Agricultural Sector

  • Mahmoud Nasr
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

This chapter represents the recent applications of nanotechnology in the agricultural sector for efficient utilization of agricultural waste and improvement of farming practices. The first section describes the utilization of plant species in the synthesis of green and environmentally friendly nanoparticles. The second part illustrates the effective bioconversion of agricultural waste into CH4 gas via anaerobic digestion. This section includes the positive and opposite impacts of nanomaterial additives on the anaerobic digestion process as well as the recommendations required to improve the biogas production. Other sections demonstrate the recent utilization of nanomaterial, i.e., nanofertilizers, carriers of macro- and micronutrients, nanopesticides, and nanopriming, in the field of agriculture. These nanoparticles have found significant impacts on seed germination, root and shoot elongations, crop production, and foliar growth. The study objectives tend to illustrate the perspectives of plant-nanotechnology nexus regarding the environment, energy, and nutritional value of food.

Keywords

Anaerobic digestion Nanofertilizers Nanoparticles phytosynthesis Nanopesticides Nanopriming 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Nasr
    • 1
  1. 1.Sanitary Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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