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Entering a New Era of Holistic Research in Establishing Groundwork for Future Human Space Exploration: Perspectives from the ESA-Topical Team “Stress and Immunity”

  • Alexander ChoukérEmail author
  • Sarah Baatout
  • Patrizia Campolongo
  • Jean-Pol Frippiat
  • Jay Gopalakrishnan
  • Ines Kaufmann
  • Nicola Montano
  • Siegfried Praun
  • Dominique de Quervain
  • Benno Roozendaal
  • Gustav Schelling
  • Manfred Thiel
  • Detlef Thieme
  • Antoine Viola
  • Judith-Irina Buchheim
  • Alex Salam
  • Anne Guo
Chapter

Abstract

We are currently entering a new era of manned space flight, which will expand human presence to the moon and Mars as outlined in the roadmaps of the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG, www.globalspaceexploration.org). This roadmap builds on the vision for “a coordinated human and robotic exploration of our solar system” within this century, and envisions permanent human colonization on the Moon and on our neighboring planet. This goal set by the established and emerging space countries and agencies, as well as by private entrepreneurs, has further fueled the pace and created impact in this new “race to space” to moon again and to Mars, following the first era in exploring the Earth orbit and the landing on the Moon in the past century. These new strategies mandate that we also need to enter a new era of holistic research to better understand human beings subjected to extreme environments for longer periods of time.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the funding of this Topical Team by the European Space Agency (ESA, contract 4000109114/13/NL/PG)) and express their thanks to Dr. Jennifer Ngo-Anh (ESA) for her support. The funding of the authors by national space agencies or other national or international funding institutions is acknowledged and specified in the authors’ individual chapters of this volume.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Choukér
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sarah Baatout
    • 2
  • Patrizia Campolongo
    • 3
  • Jean-Pol Frippiat
    • 4
  • Jay Gopalakrishnan
    • 5
  • Ines Kaufmann
    • 6
  • Nicola Montano
    • 7
  • Siegfried Praun
    • 8
  • Dominique de Quervain
    • 9
  • Benno Roozendaal
    • 10
    • 11
  • Gustav Schelling
    • 12
  • Manfred Thiel
    • 13
  • Detlef Thieme
    • 14
  • Antoine Viola
    • 15
  • Judith-Irina Buchheim
    • 1
  • Alex Salam
    • 16
  • Anne Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Translational Research Stress and Immunity, Department of AnaesthesiologyHospital of the University of Munich (LMU)MunichGermany
  2. 2.Radiobiology UnitBelgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK•CENMolBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Physiology and PharmacologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  4. 4.Stress Immunity Pathogens Laboratory, EA 7300, Faculty of MedicineLorraine UniversityVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  5. 5.Laboratory for Centrosome and Cytoskeleton Biology, Institute of Human GeneticsUniversity Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  6. 6.Munich Clinic NeuperlachMunichGermany
  7. 7.Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Ospedale Maggiore PoliclinicoUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  8. 8.VF Services GmbHAbsamAustria
  9. 9.Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Transfaculty Research Platform and University Psychiatric ClinicsUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  10. 10.Department of Cognitive NeuroscienceRadboud University Medical CenterNijmegenThe Netherlands
  11. 11.Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and BehaviourRadboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  12. 12.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity Hospital of Munich, LMUMunichGermany
  13. 13.Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical Faculty of MannheimUniversity of HeidelbergMannheimGermany
  14. 14.Institut für Dopinganalytik und Sportbiochemie (IDAS)KreischaGermany
  15. 15.PPRSRouffachFrance
  16. 16.Nuffield Department of MedicineUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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