Ablation of Atrial Flutter with Zero Fluoroscopy Approach

  • Vincenzo RussoEmail author
  • Roberta Bottino
  • Anna Rago
  • Riccardo Proietti
  • Antonio Cassese
  • Carmine Ciardiello
  • Gerardo Nigro


Catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias has conventionally been performed with the aid of fluoroscopy to direct catheter placement. Unfortunately, the use of fluoroscopy comes with radiation risks to the patient as well as to the electrophysiology lab staff. Newly navigation methods are used to help in mapping and ablation, reducing X-ray exposure to zero or near zero. The aim of the present review is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for atrial flutter performed in a fluoroless manner compared with the traditional method using fluoroscopy.


Atrial flutter Ablation Fluoroscopy Fluoroless X-ray Safety Efficacy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincenzo Russo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Roberta Bottino
    • 1
  • Anna Rago
    • 1
  • Riccardo Proietti
    • 2
  • Antonio Cassese
    • 1
  • Carmine Ciardiello
    • 3
  • Gerardo Nigro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Monaldi HospitalNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyUniversity of PaduaPaudaItaly
  3. 3.HT MedPozzuoli (Naples)Italy

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