Experimental Investigation and Fatigue Analysis of Primary Suspension Spring of Railway Bogies: A Review

  • Prashant A. Dhaware
  • G. Arunkumar
Conference paper


The aim of this research is to identify the problem occurred in the middle axle primary innerspring and to investigate by using design and analysis techniques. The main aim is to determine the cause of frequent failure of the spring. This research is an opportunity to apply a FEM tool to an existing real-world problem of component failure. The standard CAE tool shall be explored for modeling and analysis giving on job experience of handling a realistic problem using most used FEA tool. It has been observed that the stress may be imitated inside the spring of the coil due to curvature effect and manufacturing defect also the lateral and longitudinal load due to curvature and tracking of the rail vehicle. This study has a specific scope to identify the reasons for failure if they are due to design incompetence. It has been found that the middle axle primary inner spring of WAG-9 Railway Engine has the history of frequent random failures. The study aims at making the static and dynamic stress analysis as well as fatigue analysis of the spring under investigation by analytical, experimental and FE analysis.


Helical spring Primary suspension system Stress analysis Finite element analysis Modal analysis Vertical excitation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashant A. Dhaware
    • 1
  • G. Arunkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Sathyabama Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

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