Advertisement

Cutting Force Analysis on Drilling of Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Material

  • S. Pradeep
  • T. RajasekaranEmail author
Conference paper

Abstract

Since last few years, the usage of natural fibres has increased because natural fibre is cheaper and more reliable which involves more societal applications. Natural fibre is considered to be society friendly because it gives only less or no harm to humanity. It is biodegradable and less expensive. In this work, the investigation has been carried out on natural fibre reinforced polymer composites prepared using jute fibre and isophthalic polyester matrix along with a solid lubricant. Then they are well mixed with suitable hardener and accelerator for promoting polymerisation. The composite specimen was prepared with short chopped jute fibres of approximately 10 mm in length by using hand layup process with suitable pressure. The composite specimen was prepared according to ASTM standards. Subsequently drilling operation has been carried out in a CNC vertical machining centre using three different types of drilling tools. Here the different types of tools used are Tungsten Carbide, Cobalt and HSS. The cutting force was measured using the Kistler dynamometer, which is an integral part of the vertical machining centre. It has been observed that different drill tools have different variations in forces, but the force obtained by drilling tungsten carbide tool was understood to offer a better result.

Keywords

Natural fiber Jute fiber Graphite Drilling Polymer composite 

References

  1. 1.
    Faruk O, Bledzki AK, Fink HP, Sain M (2014) Progress report on natural fiber reinforced composites. Macromol Mater Eng 299(1):9–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Durao L, Tavares J, de Albuquerque V, Marques J, Andrade O (2014) Drilling damage in composite material. Materials 7(5):3802–3819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Piquet R, Ferret B, Lachaud F, Swider P (2000) Experimental analysis of drilling damage in thin carbon/epoxy plate using special drills. Compos A: Appl Sci Manuf 31(10):1107–1115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tsao CC, Hocheng H (2005) Effects of exit back-up on delamination in drilling composite materials using a saw drill and a core drill. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 45(11):1261–1270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kumar D, Sing KK (2017) Experimental analysis of delamination, thrust force and surface roughness on drilling of glass fibre reinforced polymer composites material using different drills. Mater Today Proc 4(8):7618–7627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lazar MB, Xirouchakis P (2011) Experimental analysis of drilling fiber reinforced composites. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 51(12):937–946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gantayat S, Prusty G, Rout DR, Swain SK (2015) Expanded graphite as a filler for epoxy matrix composites to improve their thermal, mechanical and electrical properties. New Carbon Mater 30(5):432–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Corcione CE, Maffezzoli A (2013) Transport properties of graphite/epoxy composites: thermal, permeability and dielectric characterization. Polym Test 32(5):880–888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Garcia PG, Ramirez-Aguilar R, Torres M, Franco-Urquiza EA, May-Crespo J (2018) Mechanical and thermal behavior dependence on graphite and oxidized graphite content in polyester composites. Polymer 153:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang X, Hao X, Hao J, Wang Q (2018) Heat transfer and mechanical properties of wood-plastic composites filled with flake graphite. Thermochim Acta 664:26–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Panchagnula KK, Palaniyandi K (2017) Drilling on fiber reinforced polymer/nanopolymer composite laminates: a review. J Mater Res Technol 7(2):180–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hrechuk A, Bushlya V, Stahl JE (2018) Hole-quality evaluation in drilling fiber-reinforced composites. Compos Struct 204:378–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Raj DS, Karunamoorthy L (2018) Performance of cryogenically treated WC drill using tool wear measurements on the cutting edge and hole surface topography when drilling CFRP. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 2:43Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Choudhury MR, Srinivas MS, Debnath K (2018) Experimental investigations on drilling of lignocellulosic fiber reinforced composite laminates. J Manuf Process 34:51–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chegdani F, El Mansori M (2018) Friction scale effect in drilling natural fiber composites. Tribol Int 119:622–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyKancheepuramIndia

Personalised recommendations