Advertisement

Experimental Comparison of Free IP Geolocation Services

  • Wei XuEmail author
  • Yaodong Tao
  • Xin Guan
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 895)

Abstract

IP geolocation services is used to locate the geographical location of an IP address, which has an important means for mapping cyberspace to the physical world. There are many location methods, such as delay-based method, database-driven method and topology-driven method. Currently, the mainstream IP geolocation services generally use a combination of different methods. We have collected some free IP geolocation services and studied their usage. Online geolocation services include: ip-api.com, ip.taobao.com, Baidu Map API, and Sina IPLOOKUP. Local services include: GeoLite2, ChunZhen database, IPPLUS360 and ipip.net. In the project cooperation, we obtained the IP address data of a city in China. Using the IP address data of the city as a data set, we conducted an experimental comparison of these IP geolocation services. The analysis and comparison of these IP geolocation services were carried out from three angles of data richness, query accuracy and query speed. It is found that the accuracy of online geolocation services is generally higher than that of local services, but the query speed is generally lower than that of local services. Specifically, different query service accuracy and query speed are different, and the difference is obvious, and few geolocation services can provide county-level information. We also found that the accuracy of some geolocation services needs to be improved. These results can be used as references for researchers with similar needs.

Keywords

IP geolocation Comparative study Experimental test Accuracy Speed 

References

  1. 1.
    Huffaker, B., Fomenkov, M., Claffy, K.: Geocompare: a comparison of public and commercial geolocation databases. In: Proceedings of NMMC, pp. 1–12 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arif, M.J., Karunasekera, S., Kulkarni, S., Gunatilaka, A., Ristic, B.: Internet host geolocation using maximum likelihood estimation technique. In: 2010 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), pp. 422–429. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Muir, J.A., Oorschot, P.C.V.: Internet geolocation: evasion and counterevasion. ACM Comput. Surv. (CSUR) 42, 4 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guo, C., Liu, Y., Shen, W., Wang, H.J., Yu, Q., Zhang, Y.: Mining the web and the internet for accurate IP address geolocations. In: INFOCOM 2009, IEEE, pp. 2841–2845. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Laki, S., Mátray, P., Hága, P., Csabai, I., Vattay, G.: A model based approach for improving router geolocation. Comput. Netw. 54, 1490–1501 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao, F., Luo, X., Liu, F.: Research on cyberspace surveying and mapping technology. Chin. J. Netw. Inf. Secur. 2(9), 1–11 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhou, Y., Xu, Q., Luo, X., Liu, F., Zhang, L., Hu, X.: Research on definition and technological system of cyberspace surveying and mapping. Comput. Sci. 2018(5), 1–7 (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    CAIDA: Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis. http://www.caida.org/home/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  10. 10.
    MaxMind. https://www.maxmind.com/en/company. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  11. 11.
    Xu, W., Tao, Y., Guan, X.: The landscape of industrial control systems (ICS) devices on the internet. In: 2018 International Conference on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (Cyber SA), pp. 1–8. IEEE (2018)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    GeoLite2 Free Downloadable Databases MaxMind Developer Site. https://dev.maxmind.com/geoip/geoip2/geolite2/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  13. 13.
    ChunZhen. http://www.cz88.net/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  14. 14.
    IPPLUS360. http://www.IPPLUS360.com/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  15. 15.
    IPIP.NET. https://www.ipip.net/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  16. 16.
    IP Geolocation API. http://ip-api.com/docs/#. Accessed 8 Nov 2018
  17. 17.
    ip.taobao.com. http://ip.taobao.com/. Accessed 8 Nov 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.National Joint Engineering Lab for ICS Security of 360ESGShenyangChina
  3. 3.Shenyang Institute of Computing Technology of CASShenyangChina
  4. 4.Shanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations