Surface Quality Analysis After Face Grinding of Ceramic Shafts Characterized by Various States of Sintering

  • Marcin Żółkoś
  • Roman WdowikEmail author
  • R. M. Chandima Ratnayake
  • Witold Habrat
  • Janusz Świder
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The article concerns an investigation of surface roughness in relation to different characteristics of ceramic material. Three different levels of temperature (1320 °C, 1490 °C and 1620 °C) have been used to sinter the ceramic in the preparation of samples. The machining has been performed using a computer numerical control (CNC) milling machine, together with a face grinding wheel, specific face grinding strategy, and special work holding arrangement. The surface roughness is assessed using three parameters (Ra, Rz, Rsm). The contact measurements of surface roughness were carried out using the 3D MahrSurf XR 20 profilometer. The surfaces of machined samples were also analyzed using the InfiniteFocus Real3D microscope, in order to determine the influence of the selected machining strategy on the machined surfaces. The values of the selected roughness parameters were recorded depending on the material and its degree of sintering. The selected machining strategy, for all the analyzed ceramic samples (i.e. in relation to states of sintering), allowed Ra parameter values below 0.43 μm, Rz below 3.5 μm and Rsm below 50 μm, respectively, to be obtained.


Grinding Ceramic materials Surface roughness Sintering temperature 



The results of the presented research were obtained in 2018 after the research project entitled “Technology of high performance machining with ultrasonic assistance of geometrically complex ceramic parts” funded by The National Centre for Research and Development in the Applied Research Programme (contract number PBS2/B6/17/2013). The study was performed thanks to the existence of the advanced test stand (machine tool), which was developed under the mentioned project, and existing collaboration between scientific and industrial partners. The investigation was partly performed as the statutory activity at Rzeszow University of Technology (grant no. DS/M.MO.18.009).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcin Żółkoś
    • 1
  • Roman Wdowik
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. M. Chandima Ratnayake
    • 2
  • Witold Habrat
    • 1
  • Janusz Świder
    • 3
  1. 1.The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsRzeszow University of TechnologyRzeszówPoland
  2. 2.The Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of StavangerStavangerNorway
  3. 3.Ceramic Department CEREL, Institute of Power EngineeringBoguchwałaPoland

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