Strength Parameters Analysis of Partial Replacement of Cement by GGBS and Fly-Ash and Sand by Copper Slag

  • Niranjan R. Chavan
  • Sudhanshu Pathak
Conference paper


Nowadays very vast quantity of concrete is being used all over the world. Concrete is a mixture of cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, and water. Fly ash, Copper slag, and GGBS are mechanical waste products in Coal, copper and iron industry respectively. Using this product, results in cost reduction of concrete and disposal solution of large waste products. In this review two combinations were taken and attempt was made to reduce usage of cement and sand content by saving cost of concrete and studied experimental behavior for strengths of M40 grade of concrete for combination of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and Copper Slag (CS) and another combination of GGBS and Fly ash (FA). Experimental studies were performed on plain cement concrete and combination of GGBS and Copper Slag. Total 108 specimens were casted. In the first combination, four trial mixes were taken as maintaining GGBS 30% and varying Copper Slag by 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% respectively. In second combination 4 trials were taken as maintaining fly ash 25% and varying GGBS by 40%, 50%, 60%, and 70%. A comparative analysis has been carried out for concrete in relation to Workability, Compression strength, Split Tensile strength and Flexural strength at 7,14,28 days with conventional concrete and two combinations. It was observed that replacement of cement by 30% GGBS and sand by 30% CS in combination 1 got maximum strength in all aspect than Conventional Concrete and combination 2.


GGBS Copper slag Fly ash Workability 


  1. 1.
    Oner A, Akyuz S (2007) An experimental study on optimum usage of GGBS for the compressive strength of concrete. Sci Direct Cem Concrete Comp 29:505–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Manoj Kumar N, Hanitha P (2016) Geopolymer concrete by using Fly ash and GGBS as a replacement of cement. IOSR-JMCE 13:6Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aishwarya PG (2017) The experimental study and behaviour of concrete by partial replacement of cement with GGBS and fine aggregates with copper slag. Int Res J Eng Technol (IRJET) 04(06):279–283Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Al-Jabri KS, Hisada M, Al-Oraimi SK, Al-Saidy AH (2009) Copper slag as sand replacement for HighPerformance concrete. ELSEVIER Cem Concr Compos 31:483–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vinayak Awsare, MV Nagendra “Analysis of strength characteristics of GGBS concrete.” (Int Res J Eng Technol, E-ISSN 0976-3945)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar MP, Mahesh Y (2015) The behaviour of concrete by partial replacement of fine aggregate with copper slag and cement with GGBS. IOSR J Mech Civil Eng (IOSR-JMCE) 12(3):51–56Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Anne Marry J (2016) An experimental investigation on copper slag as replacement of aggregates in concrete. Int Res J Eng Technol 7(6):282Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sachin PL, Rao NBS (2017) Performance study of concrete using GGBS and Copper slag as partial replacement of cement and fine aggregate. IJERT 6(5):13Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niranjan R. Chavan
    • 1
  • Sudhanshu Pathak
    • 2
  1. 1.ME Construction ManagementD. Y. Patil College of Engineering, AkurdiPuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringD. Y. Patil College of Engineering, AkurdiPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations