Performance Assessment of Anaerobic Digester from Various Locally Available Feedstock Materials and Catalysts

  • Vidyarani S. KshirsagarEmail author
  • Prashant M. Pawar
  • Sayaji T. Mehetre
  • Pakija Shaikh
  • Anil Shinde
Conference paper


Anaerobic digestion is multi-functioning technology included under the renewable kind of energy source. Attention is required to increase the acceptability of this technology by the society. The lab scale batch types of experiments are performed to identify the biogas production capability of locally available raw materials. The performance of biogas can be increased by using a catalyst. The saw dust of Neem and Mahogany is used as a catalyst in anaerobic digester. The waste flower, root of tapioca plant, wheat straw, jawar straw and maize straw are used as a feed of digester. The acceptability of biogas technology can be increased in the society by providing the information about the use of locally available feed stock material and locally available catalyst to increase the gas production rate. This study provides information to increase the production of biogas and in turn the acceptability of biogas technology will increase in the society.


Anaerobic digestion Biogas production Locally available feedstock materials Locally available catalyst 


  1. 1.
    Manyi-Loh CE, Mamphweli SN, Meyer EL, Okoh AI, Makaka G, Simon M (2013) Microbial anaerobic digestion (bio-digesters) as an approach to the decontamination of animal wastes in pollution control and the generation of renewable energy. Int J Environ Res Public Health 10(9):4390–4417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braber K (1995) Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste: a modern waste disposal option on the verge of breakthrough. Biomass Bioenergy 9:365–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ravina M, Genon G (2015) Global and local emissions of a biogas plant considering the production of biomethane as an alternative end-use solution. J Clean Prod 102:115–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Edelmann W, Baier U, Ehgeli H (2005) Environmental aspects of anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid wastes and of solid agricultural wastes. Water Sci Technol 52:203–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abdeshahian P, Lim JS, ShinHo W, Hashim H, Lee CT (2016) Potential of biogas production from farm animal waste in Malaysia. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 60:714–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li K, Liu R, Sun C (2015) Comparison of anaerobic digestion characteristics and kinetics of four livestock manures with different substrate concentrations. Bioresour Technol 198:133–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Okonkwo UC, Onokpite E, Onokwai AO (2016) Comparative study of the optimal ratio of biogas production from various organic wastes and weeds for digester/restarted digester. J King Saud Univ – Eng Sci 30(2):123–129Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yang L, Huang Y, Zhao M, Huang Z, Miao H, Xu Z, Ruan W (2015) Enhancing biogas generation performance from food wastes by high solids thermophilic anaerobic digestion: effect of pH adjustment. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 105:153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mao C, Feng Y, Wang X, Ren G (2015) Review on research achievements of biogas from anaerobic digestion. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 45:540–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Salam B, Biswas S, Sunaul Rabbi M (2014) Biogas from mesophilic anaerobic digestion of cow dung using silica gel as catalyst. Procedia Eng 105:652–657. 6th International Conference on Thermal Engineering (ICTE 2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dongyan YANG, Yunzhi PANG, Hairong YUAN, Shulin CHEN, Jingwei MA, Liang YU, Xiujin LI (2014) Enhancing biogas production from anaerobically digested wheat straw through ammonia pretreatment. Chin J Chem Eng 22:576–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chandra R, Takeuchi H, Hasegawa T, Kumar R (2012) Improving biodegradability and biogas production of wheat straw substrates using sodium hydroxide and hydrothermal pretreatments. Energy 43:273–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Taherdanak M, Zilouei H (2014) Improving biogas production from wheat plant using alkaline pretreatment. Fuel 115:714–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Avicenna, Mel M, Ihsanb SI, Setyobudic RH (2015) Process improvement of biogas production from anaerobic co-digestion of cow dung and corn husk. Procedia Chem 14:91–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zheng Y, Zhao J, Xu F, Li Y (2014) Pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for enhanced biogas production. Prog Energy Combust Sci 42:35–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Amnuaycheewaa P, Hengaroonprasanb R, Rattanapornc K, Kirdponpattarab S, Cheenkachornb K, Sriariyanund M (2016) Enhancing enzymatic hydrolysis and biogas production from rice straw by pretreatment with organic acids. Ind Crop Prod 87:247–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hua B, Dai J, Liu B, Zhang H, Yuan X, Wang X, Cui Z (2016) Pretreatment of non-sterile, rotted silage maize straw by the microbial community MC1 increases biogas production. Bioresour Technol 216:699–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Teghammar A, Karimi K, Horváth IS, Taherzadeh MJ (2012) Enhanced biogas production from rice straw, triticale straw and softwood spruce by NMMO pretreatment. Biomass Bioenergy 36:116–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kshirsagar VS, Pawar PM (2018) Design optimization of biogas digester for performance improvement and fault minimization. Environ Technol Rev 7(1):95–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manyuchi MM, Bobo AE, Ikhu-Omoregbe DIO, Oyekola OO (2016) Biogas production from saw dust using acti-zyme as digestion catalyst and its upgrading to bio methane using chemical absorption. World Energy CouncilGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kshirsagar VS, Pawar PM, Mehetre ST (2019) Holistic approach for biogas technology implementation to improve sustainability. Curr Sci 116(2):249–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Izumi K, Okishio Y-K, Nagao N, Niwa C, Yamamoto S, Toda T (2010) Effects of particle size on anaerobic digestion of food waste. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 64:601–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kim M, Speece RE (2002) Reactor configuration-part II comparative process stability and efficiency of thermophilic anaerobic digestion. Environ Technol 23:643–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fricke K, Santen H, Wallmann R, Huttner A, Dichtl N (2007) Operating problems in anaerobic digestion plants from nitrogen in MSW. Waste Manag 27:30–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vidyarani S. Kshirsagar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Prashant M. Pawar
    • 1
  • Sayaji T. Mehetre
    • 2
  • Pakija Shaikh
    • 1
  • Anil Shinde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringSVERI’s College of EngineeringPandharpurIndia
  2. 2.Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CenterMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations