Tabloid Journalism and Corruption in Angola
Brian discusses corruption in Angola arguing that the country faces serious financial mismanagement across every level of society. He explores the role of tabloids in exposing corruption prevalent in the extractive industries and in the presidency’s office. He focuses on Isabel dos Santos, the daughter of President José Eduardo dos Santos, currently considered Africa’s richest woman. Brian discusses the Angolagate which involved an illegal arms sale to Angola despite a United Nations embargo and the back-door transactions. He looks at anti-corruption tabloid journalist Gustavo Costa and how his investigations have come with many risks to his life. He further looks at anti-corruption tabloid journalist Rafael Marques de Morais and how his criticism of widespread corruption has led to regular arrests. Brian concludes that anti-corruption tabloid journalism presents stories of publications with a short lifespan. He notes that despite the country having many natural resources, corruption is a major cancer that continues to destroy the country from inside.
- Academic. (2010). Corruption in Angola. Retrieved from http://enacademic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/8652296.
- Amnesty International. (2000). Angola: Freedom of expression on trial. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/132000/afr120082000en.pdf.
- BBC. (2000). Journalist convicted of defaming Angolan President. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/697643.stm.
- Caminada, C. (2017). Sonangol’s fired boss said she leaves $2 billion in reserves. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-16/sonangol-s-fired-boss-said-she-leaves-2-billion-in-reserves.
- Civil Courage Price. (2006). Rafael Marques de Morais. Retrieved from http://www.civilcourageprize.org/honoree-2006.htm.
- Committee to Protect Journalists. (2012). Rafael Marques trial. Retrieved from https://cpj.org/reports/2000/03/angola-marques-00.php.
- Dolan, K., & Morais, R. (2013). Daddy’s girl: How an African ‘Princes’ banked $3 billion in a country living on $2 per day. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/kerryadolan/2013/08/14/how-isabel-dos-santos-took-the-short-route-to-become-africas-richest-woman/#86e16945f50d.
- Estelle, S. (2009). French power brokers convicted over arms in Angola. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSLR440868.
- Forbes. (2018). Isabel dos Santo. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/profile/isabel-dos-santos/.
- Forrest, D., & Cabeche, A. (2013). Swiss release ‘Angolagate’ fugitive. Retrieved from https://mg.co.za/article/2013-12-12-swiss-release-angolagate-fugitive-1.
- Freedom House. (2015). Freedom of the press 2015. Retrieved from https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/freedom-press-2015#.WmZMk6inE2x.
- GAN Integrity Report. (2016). Angola corruption report. Retrieved from http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/angola.
- Global Integrity Report. (2016). Transparency and accountability 2016. Retrieved from http://aii.globalintegrity.org/scores-map?stringId=transparency_accountability&year=2016.
- Global Witness. (2015). How to lose $4 billion. Retrieved from https://www.globalwitness.org/en/campaigns/oil-gas-and-mining/how-lose-4-billion/.
- Human Rights Watch. (2000). The International Monetary Fund’s staff monitoring program for Angola: The human rights implications. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/news/2000/05/31/international-monetary-funds-staff-monitoring-program-angola-human-rights.
- Maka Angola. (2018). Supporting democracy, fighting corruption. Retrieved from http://www.makaangola.org/en/?lang=en.
- Nadorff, N. (2015). How we made it in Africa: Angola’s probity laws: The will to combat corruption. Retrieved from https://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com/angolas-probity-laws-the-will-to-combat-corruption/52841/.
- Nkala, O. (2013). Israeli-Russian businessman arrested in Switzerland over Angolagate arms deal. Retrieved from http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32907:israeli-russian-businessman-arrested-in-switzerland-over-angolagate-arms-scandal-&catid=56:Diplomacy%20&%20Peace&Itemid=111.
- Pedro-Freeman, S. (2017). Angolagate. Retrieved from https://sites.tufts.edu/corruptarmsdeals/2017/05/05/angolagate/.
- Regan-Sachs, R. (2013). Angola: Marques in Angola—The perils of speaking truth to power. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/stories/201205280747.html.
- Reuters. (2012). Angola explains $27.2 billion of missing funds—IMF. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/angola-imf/angola-explains-27-2-billion-of-missing-funds-imf-idUSL5E8GAEPJ20120510.
- Samuel, H. (2008). Angolagate ‘arms for oil’ trial opens in Paris. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/3146113/Angolagate-arms-for-oil-trial-opens-in-Paris.html.
- The Economist. (2008). Angola-gate. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/node/12630028.
- Transparency International. (2012). Corruption Perception Index 2012. Retrieved from https://www.transparency.org/cpi2012/results.
- United States Department of State. (2015). County report on human rights practices 2015. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm#wrapper.
- Verde, R. (2016). Angola: Supersonic nepotism—Illegalities at the speed of light. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/stories/201606050134.html.
- World Economic Forum. (2014). Global competitiveness report 2014–2015. Retrieved from https://www.weforum.org/reports/global-competitiveness-report-2014-2015/.