Breast Disease pp 365-369 | Cite as

Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast

  • Fatih Aydoğan
  • Yunus Taşçı
  • Yasuaki Sagara


Phyllodes tumors, also termed phylloides tumors or cystosarcoma phyllodes, are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms of the breast that remain challenging for both surgeons and pathologists. The World Health Organization (WHO) established the name phyllodes tumor and the following histological types: benign, borderline, and malignant. Phyllodes tumors can be observed in all ages, but the majority of patients are in their fifth decade of life. These tumors may present similarity with fibroadenoma. Breast imaging studies may fail to distinguish a phyllodes tumor from fibroadenoma. A core needle biopsy is preferable to fine-needle aspiration for tissue diagnosis. The common treatment for phyllodes tumors is a wide local excision. The benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy are controversial.


Phyllodes tumor Fibroepithelial neoplasms Breast Management of phyllodes tumor Cystosarcoma phyllodes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatih Aydoğan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yunus Taşçı
    • 4
  • Yasuaki Sagara
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Breast Disease, Department of General Surgery, Cerrahpasa School of MedicineIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Dana Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Breast Health Center, Memorial Bahcelievler HospitalIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Department of General Surgery, Medical FacultyBezmialem Vakif UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Breast SurgeryKyoto University Graduate School of MedicineKyotoJapan

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