Hybrid Governance, Strategic Communication and the Quest for Institutional Legitimacy
This chapter seeks to understand how formal and informal leaders forge alliances in democratisation conflicts. It compares case studies from Serbia, Kenya and South Africa—three countries that have recently experienced democratic transitions. Drawing on the concepts of hybrid political arrangements and strategic communication, it unpacks the role of the media in crafting and conveying narratives that bestows legitimacy to some actors through the (re)framing of the past. In doing so, it argues that, far from being observers of the conflict, the media are active participants, shaping other actors’ strategies and contributing to advance some narratives. It also suggests that there is a lurking risk that the state could slide back into authoritarianism or be hollowed out and captured by undemocratic forces.
- Almond, G., & Verba, S. (1989). The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- De Waal, A. (2015). The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa: Money, War and the Business of Power. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Krstić, A., Parry, K., & Aiello, G. (2017). Visualising the Politics of Appearance in Times of Democratisation: An Analysis of the 2010 Belgrade Pride Parade Television Coverage. European Journal of Cultural Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367549417743042.
- Luckham, R., & Kirk, T. (2013). The Two Faces of Security in Hybrid Political Orders: A Framework for Analysis and Research. Stability, 2(2), 1–30.Google Scholar
- Miskimmon, A., O’Loughlin, B., & Roselle, L. (Eds.). (2014). Strategic Narratives in International Relations. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
- Price, M., & Stremlau, N. (2012). Media and Transitional Justice: Toward a Systematic Approach. International Journal of Communication, 6, 1077–1099.Google Scholar
- Price, M., & Stremlau, N. (2015). Strategic Communication and the Avoidance of Violent Conflict. In J. Hoffmann & V. Hawkins (Eds.), Communication and Peace: Mapping an Emerging Field. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Voltmer, K., & Kraetzschmar, H. (2015, June). Investigating the Media and Democratisation Conflicts. MeCoDem Working Paper.Google Scholar
- Von Soest, C., & Grauvogel, J. (2015). How Do Non-Democratic Regimes Claim Legitimacy? Comparative Insights from Post-Soviet Countries. GIGA Working Papers, 277. Retrieved from https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/system/files/publications/wp-277-online.pdf.