Advertisement

Capacity Building in Exports SMEs in Emerging and Developing Countries: From Challenges to Expertise Development in the Mango Industry in Burkina Faso

  • Ferdinand Ouedraogo
  • Elie ChrysostomeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)

Abstract

The mango industry in West Africa is an important component of the economy. However, despite the enormous potential of mango production in West Africa, mango production in Africa remains the lowest in the world. In 2010, the potential of fresh mango production in West Africa was estimated at 1.374 million with an average growth rate of 8.6% between 2010 and 2012. The export potential to the European Union was estimated at 225,000 tons, while the local market can barely absorb 50% of such production (FAO 2010). The result of this situation is that a big quantity of mangos estimated at 30% of the production is abandoned in the farms. Moreover, there is a big quantity of interceptions and rejections of the mango exports from West Africa, resulting in a declining growth of mango exports from West Africa. Among the challenges that the mango industry and, most importantly, the mango exports have been facing, there is an obvious lack of capacity at the different steps of the value chain of mango industry. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how the lack of capacity in the value chain of mango industry in Burkina Faso has prevented this country to take advantage of the full potential of that industry to leverage more financial resources that it needs for its development. The paper also proposes some strategies of capacity building that can help to improve the performance of exports of Burkina Faso mangos. It stresses especially the imperative necessity of capacity building in training farmers and most importantly exporters in order to meet the quality standards expected on the export markets of the European Union.

References

  1. Agence pour la Promotion des Exportation (2016) Annual report. p 30Google Scholar
  2. EDES-COLEACP et IABER (2013) Rapport d’étude de faisabilité de mise en place d’un système d’Information SPS pour la filière mangue au Burkina Faso, pp 14–29Google Scholar
  3. Economic Community of West Africa States (2012) Service des Nouvelles des Marchés. Bulletin, p 6Google Scholar
  4. Europhyt (2015) Interceptions annual report: 2005–2015. https://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/plant_health_biosecurity/europhyt/interceptions
  5. Food and Agriculture Organisation (2012) Statistical database. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home
  6. Hammoudi A, Grazia C, Giraud-Héraud E (2010) Hétérogénéité des standards de sécurité sanitaire des aliments: Quelles stratégies pour les filières d’exportation des PED? – Une analyse normative, Série Documents de travail. AFD, Paris, p 62Google Scholar
  7. International Fund for Agricultural Development (2011) Annual report. p. 44.Google Scholar
  8. International Trade Center (2011) Annual report. p 26Google Scholar
  9. Macadam R, Drinan J, Inall N, McKenzie B (2004) Growing the capital of rural Australia: the task of capacity building: a report of the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, p 74Google Scholar
  10. Ministère de l’Agriculture et des Ressources Halieutiques/Direction Générale de la Production Végétale (MARH/DGPV) Rapport d’activités 2010, Burkina Faso, p 20Google Scholar
  11. Ndimanya P, Strebelle J (2013) Analyse et propositions sur la construction des marchés locaux –nationaux- régionaux en Afrique – analyse complémentaire. Bruxelles 23Google Scholar
  12. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2012) Annual report. p 236Google Scholar

Other References to Consult If Needed

  1. Aoufa E (2009) Etude corridors pour l’exportation des mangues du Mali et du Burkina Faso vers l’Union Européenne. Banque Mondiale:45–46Google Scholar
  2. Axinn CN (1985) An examination of factors that influence export involvement. PhD thesis UMI, Michigan ISBN 978-0674549906Google Scholar
  3. Coase R (1960) The problem of social cost. J Law Econ 3(Oct):1–44.  https://doi.org/10.1086/466560 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hammoudi A, Grazia C et Giraud-Héraud E (2010b) Hétérogénéité des standards de sécurité sanitaire des aliments: Quelles stratégies pour les filières d’exportation des PED? AFD, Paris. pp 38–44Google Scholar
  5. Hise RT (2001) Overcoming exporting barriers to Mexico. Mark Manag 10(1):52–55Google Scholar
  6. Jaffee SM, Henson S (2005) Agro-food exports from developing countries: the challenges posed by standards. p 12Google Scholar
  7. Johansson J, Vahlne JE (1977) The internationalization process of the firm: a model of knowledge development and increasing foreign market commitments. J Int Bus Stud 8:23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Leonidou C (1995) Empirical research on export barriers: review, assessment, and synthesis. J Int Manag 3:29–43Google Scholar
  9. Kahneman D, Tversky A (1979) Prospect theory: an analysis of decisions under risk. Econometrica 47(2):313–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karakaya F (1993) Barriers to entry in international markets. J Glob Mark 7(1):7–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kastikeas CS, Morgan RE (1994) Differences in perceptions of exporting problems based on firm size and export market experience. Eur J Mark 28(5):17–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kedia BL, Choka R (1986) Factors inhibiting export performance of firms: an empirical investigation. Manag Int Rev 26:33–43Google Scholar
  13. North D (1992) Transaction costs, institutions, and economic performance. ICS Press, San Francisco, CA, p 5Google Scholar
  14. Rios LBD, Jaffee S (2008) Barrier, catalyst, or distraction? Standards, competitiveness, and Africa’s groundnut exports to Europe, World Bank, pp 38–52Google Scholar
  15. Shafaeddin M (2007) The cost of compliance with sanitary and phytosanitary measures in low-income countries: a strategy for reorganization of the supply chain. Third World Network, pp 11–32Google Scholar
  16. Westhead P, Wright M, Ucbasaran D (2002) International market selection strategies selected by micro and small firms. Int J Manag Sci 30:51–68Google Scholar
  17. Wiedersheim-Paul F, Olson HC, Welch LS (1978) Pre-export activity: the first step in internationalization. J Int Bus Stud 9(1):47–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OuagadougouOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  2. 2.CEDIMES Institute USAPlattsburghUSA
  3. 3.State University of New YorkPlattsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations