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A Case of Flail MV, Review of Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease

  • Atooshe Rohani
Chapter
Part of the Clinical Cases in Cardiology book series (CCC)

Abstract

This is a case of mitral valve prolapse with severe mitral regurgitation: Echocardiographically MVP is defined as billowing of mitral valve leaflets (any portion of leaflet) ≥2 mm below the annular plane in long axis view (para-sternal or apical three-chamber) TTE.

Keywords

Mitral valve prolapse Severe mitral regurgitation Flail mitral valve 

Supplementary material

Movie 9.1

Para-sternal long axis, TTE shows prolapse of posterior leaflet (AVI 16028 kb)

Movie 9.2

Para-sternal long axis, TTE shows severe MR (AVI 12841 kb)

Movie 9.3

Apical view shows severe eccentric anteriorly directed MR jet (AVI 41124 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Zoghbi W, Adams D, Bonow R, Enriquez-Sarano M, Foster E, Paul A, et al. Recommendations for noninvasive evaluation of native valvular regurgitation a report from the American Society of Echocardiography developed in collaboration with the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017;30:304–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Recusani F, Bargiggia GS, Yoganathan AP, Raisaro A, Valdes-Cruz LM, Sung HW, Bertucci C, Gallati M, Moises VA, Simpson IA. A new method for quantification of regurgitant flow rate using color Doppler flow imaging of the flow convergence region proximal to a discrete orifice. An in vitro study. Circulation. 1991;83(2):594–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atooshe Rohani
    • 1
  1. 1.Northern Ontario School of MedicineThunder BayCanada

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