Secundum Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

  • Atooshe Rohani
Part of the Clinical Cases in Cardiology book series (CCC)


ASD secundum as described in this case was the reason of dyspnea, cardiomegaly and RV enlargement in an 18-year-old young man.


ASD secundum Cardiomegaly RV enlargement 

Supplementary material

Movie 41.1

ASD 3D construction (AVI 21315 kb)

Movie 41.2

TEE mid-esophageal 30 degree shows, Aortic (antero-superior) rim and postero-inferior rim (AVI 17935 kb)


  1. 1.
    Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines on the management of adults with congenital heart disease). Developed in collaboration with the American Society of Echocardiography, Heart Rhythm Society, International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;52(23):143–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baumgartner H, Bonhoeffer P, De Groot NM, et al. Task force on the management of grown-up congenital heart disease of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC); Association for European Paediatric Cardiology (AEPC); ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG). ESC guidelines for the management of grown-up congenital heart disease (new version 2010). Eur Heart J. 2010;31(23):2915–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atooshe Rohani
    • 1
  1. 1.Northern Ontario School of MedicineThunder BayCanada

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