International Comparative Analysis of Regulations for Water Markets and Water Banks

  • María E. Milanés Murcia


Water markets and water banks are mechanisms to transfer water among different users. A legal and institutional framework is the tool that can protect third parties and ensure the success of the water market and the water bank. A comparative analysis of water markets and water banking in Chile, Australia, and the United States shows how strong regulations have a positive effect on the management of water markets and water banking. The case in Chile reveals that the 1981 Water Code lacks legal protection in areas such as environment, sociology, and the integration management of water resources. This has been a cause of the failure of the water market in Chile. Differently, in Australia, the environment is recognized as a legitimate water user for which states could specifically establish environmental water allocations. The United States has several examples of successful water banks such as the Kansas Water Bank, which has a very exhaustive regulation and has effectively promote water conservation and improve the use of groundwater resources.


Transfer water Water banking International regulations of allocating water 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • María E. Milanés Murcia
    • 1
  1. 1.SacramentoUSA

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