Advertisement

Oakley Park

  • Adrian Thomas
  • Francis Duck
Chapter
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)

Abstract

The Stoney family was descended from Thomas Stoney, who acquired land in Ireland in about 1700. Edith and Florence’s grandfather George inherited the Oakley Park estate in King’s County in 1824. George was unable to prevent it from becoming bankrupt. When he died in 1835, his widow Anne moved to Dublin with her four children. Her son Johnstone excelled at Trinity College Dublin. He inherited Oakley at the height of the Irish famine, when it was sold. Johnstone became, firstly, Lord Rosse’s astronomical assistant, operating the ‘Leviathan’ telescope at Parsonstown. He was then Professor of Natural Philosophy at Queen’s College Galway, where he developed his ideas on liberal education. After returning to Dublin to take the position as Secretary of Queen’s University, he married his cousin Sophia in 1863. After she died he brought up Edith, Florence and his other children on his own. He did some of his best physics at this time, which included defining and naming the electron. Other scientific members of the family included Bindon Stoney, Chief Engineer at the Port of Dublin, and their cousin, the physicist George FitzGerald. No women in the family other than Edith and Florence went into science or medicine.

Keywords

Leviathan Irish famine Tithes Irvingite church Queen’s College Galway Electron Queen’s University Trinity College Dublin British Association for the Advancement of Science Women in society 

References

  1. 1.
    Letter from Edith Stoney to John Joly. 1 April 1911. Trinity College Dublin Archives MS 2312/391.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    George Stoney. Letter to the editor, The Freeman’s Journal. 1833 Dec 7. (also The London Standard. 1833 Dec 10).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ireland Census 1821 for Ballamoney (now Oakley Park), Seirkieran, Ballybritt, King’s County.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O’Neill TP. The famine in Offaly, Chapter 20. In: Nolan W, O’Neill TP, editors. Offaly history and society, interdisciplinary essays on the history of an Irish County. Dublin: Geography Publications; 1998. p. 721.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leeds Intellegencer. 1825 Sep 22.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Dublin Penny Journal. 1834 Oct 11.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    James Lynar. The Freeman’s Journal. 1831 Dec 28.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    George Stoney. The Freeman’s Journal. 1832 Jan 16.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stoney G. The Freeman’s Journal. 1833 Jan 24;Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    The Morning Post, 19 December 1838.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.J (John Joly). George Johnstone Stoney, 1826-1911. Obituary notices of fellows deceased. Proc Roy Soc Lond 1911;A86:xx–xxxv.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    John RC. Plunket Joly and the great famine in King’s County. Dublin: Four Courts Press; 2012.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stoney R. Evidence taken before Her Majesty’s Commissioners of Inquiry into the State of the Law and Practice in respect to the Occupation of Land in Ireland, Dublin; 1845. p. 583–584.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Woodham-Smith C. The Great Hunger, Ireland 1845-1849. London: Penguin; 1991 and Delaney E. The curse of reason – the great Irish famine. Dublin: Macmillan; 2012.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Breen GC. Landlordism in King’s County in the mid-nineteenth century, Chapter 19. Nolan and O’Neill.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ball RS, Johnstone Stoney G. A monthly review of astronomy. The Observatory. 1911;34(438):287–90.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Steinicke W. Birr Castle observations of non-stellar objects and the development of nebular theories, Chapter 7. In: Charles Mallon C, editor. William Parsons 3rd Earl of Rosse; astronomy and the castle in nineteenth-century Ireland. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 2014. p. 210–70.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ryder AJ. An Irishman of note: George Johnstone Stoney. Privately Published; 2012.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Encumbered Estates Court. In the matter of the estate of George John Stoney Esq. and others. 13th December 1850. Dublin: Irish National Archives.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Incumbered Estates. Evening Mail. 1850 Oct 18 and The Freeman’s Journal 1850 Dec 14.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Griffith R. General valuation of rateable property in Ireland, King’s County. Dublin; 1854.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ryder p 82, quoting from Queen’s College Galway papers held at the National Archives, Dublin.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    CK: Claire Keohane. Private collection of Stoney family papers.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Charles Stoney to his mother. Undated. CK.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fitzgerald W. In: Fitzgerald W, Quarry J, editors. Lectures on ecclesiastical history. London: Murray; 1885. p. 26.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Turing S. Alan M Turing. Cambridge: Heffer; 1959. p. 7.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    O’Hara JG. George Johnstone Stoney, F.R.S. and the concept of the electron. Notes Rec Roy Soc. 1975;29(2):265–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Stoney GJ. On the physical units of nature. Phil Mag. 1881:11(5);381–391 and Sci Proc Roy Dublin Soc. 1883;3(2):51–60.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Stoney GJ. On the cause of double lines and of equidistant satellites in the spectra of gases. Sci Trans Roy Dublin Soc 11th Ser. 1891;4:563.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Stoney JG. Of the “electron,” or atom of electricity. Phil Mag Ser 5. 1894;38:418–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ball FE, Hamilton E. The Parish of Taney. A history of Dundrum, near Dublin, and its neighbourhood. Dublin: Hodges Figgis; 1895. p. 44.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    McDowell D. Alison Countess of Rosse, Davison D. Mary, Countess of Rosse (1813–85), Chapter 3. In: Mallon C, editor. William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 2014.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Letter from Johnstone Stoney to Lady Rosse. 10 May 1872. Rosse archives: Birr Castle K12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Thomas
    • 1
  • Francis Duck
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, School of Allied and Public Health ProfessionsCanterbury Christ Church UniversityCanterburyUK
  2. 2.Formerly University of BathBathUK

Personalised recommendations